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To overcome import-dependency in pulses, adequate attention must be paid to structural issues as well as to undertake catalysing policy actions in India’s pulse economy. Examine.

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;

6. To overcome import-dependency in pulses, adequate attention must be paid to structural issues as well as to undertake catalysing policy actions in India’s pulse economy. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The government takes the usual market-regulatory steps every time there is a surge in prices of pulses — the primary source of protein for a majority of Indians. But shortfall in domestic production, the main reason behind the price rise, remains unaddressed.

Key Demand of the question:

To suggest steps to reduce import dependency of pulses.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic about the import dependency of pulses.

Body:

First, write about the causes that leads to domestic shortfall in production. Lack of price stability and Volatility of pulse prices, lack of technological advancement, over dependence of irrigation, differences in procurement.

Next, write about the steps – structural and incentivising – that are needed in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward