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Insights into Editorial: Responding to adversity with achievement




India has completed vaccination of 100 crore doses on October 21, 2021, in just about nine months since starting vaccination.

This has been a tremendous journey in dealing with COVID-19, especially when we recall how things stood in early 2020.

Humanity was dealing with such a pandemic after 100 years and no one knew much about the virus.

We remember how unpredictable the situation appeared then, as we were faced by an unknown and invisible enemy mutating rapidly.


An example of team work:

In my Independence Day Address in 2015, I had said that our country is moving ahead because of ‘Team India’ and this ‘Team India’ is a big team of our 130 crore people. People’s participation is the biggest strength of democracy.

If we run the country through the participation of 130 crore Indians, our country will be moving ahead 130 crore steps every moment.

Our vaccination drive has yet again showed the power of this ‘Team India’.


The scale and trust by Indians resulted in Bhagirath effort:

  1. The journey from anxiety to assurance has happened and our nation has emerged stronger, thanks to the world’s largest vaccination drive.
  2. It has been a truly bhagirath effort involving multiple sections of society. To get a sense of the scale, assume that each vaccination took just two minutes for a health-care worker.
  3. For any effort to attain and sustain speed and scale, the trust of all stakeholders is
  4. One of the reasons for the success of the campaign was the trust that people developed in the vaccine and the process followed, despite various efforts to create mistrust and panic.
  5. When it came to something as crucial as the COVID-19 vaccine, the people of India unanimously trusted ‘Made in India’ vaccines. This is a significant paradigm shift.
  6. India’s vaccine drive is an example of what India can achieve if the citizens and the Government come together with a common goal in the spirit of Jan Bhagidari.
  7. When India started its vaccination program, there were many people who doubted the capabilities of 130 crore Indians.
  8. Some said India would take three to four years. Some others said people will not come forward to get vaccinated.
  9. There were those who said there will be gross mismanagement and chaos in the vaccination process. Some even said that India will not be able to manage supply chains.


Preparing early: Institutional assistance, Scientific research, Funding:

  1. In early 2020, when COVID-19 was rampaging across the world, it was clear to us that this pandemic will have to be eventually fought with the help of vaccines. We started preparing early.
  2. India’s entire vaccination program is born in the womb of science, has grown on scientific grounds and has reached all four directions through scientific methods.
  3. It is a matter of pride for all of us that the entire vaccination program of India has been Science born, Science driven and Science-based.
  4. He said that before the vaccine was made and until the vaccine was administered, the entire campaign was based on a scientific approach. The challenge was also a need to scale up the production.
  5. We constituted expert groups and started preparing a road map right from April 2020.
  6. It is here that credit should be given to Indian scientists and entrepreneurs for rising to the occasion.
  7. It is due to their talent and hard work that India is truly Aatmanirbhar when it comes to vaccines.
  8. Our vaccine manufacturers, by scaling up to meet the demands of such a large population, have shown that they are second to none.
  9. In a nation where governments used to be known as a roadblock impeding forward movement, our government has instead been an accelerator and enabler of progress.
  10. The Government partnered with the vaccine makers right from day one and gave them support in the form of institutional assistance, scientific research, funding, as well as accelerated regulatory processes.
  11. All Ministries of the Government came together to facilitate the vaccine makers and remove any bottlenecks as a result of our ‘whole of Government’ approach.


How India resolved the logistics and supply chain problem:

  1. In a country of the scale of India, it is not enough to just produce. Focus has to be on last mile delivery and seamless logistics.
  2. To understand the challenges involved, imagine the journey taken by one vial of vaccines. From a plant in Pune or Hyderabad, the vial is sent to a hub in any of the States, from where it is transported to the district hub.
  3. From there, it reaches a vaccination centre. This entails the deployment of thousands of trips taken by flights and trains.
  4. During this entire journey, the temperature has to be maintained in a particular range which is centrally monitored. For this, over one lakh cold chain equipment’s were utilised.
  5. States were given advance notice of the delivery schedule of the vaccines so that they could plan their drives better and vaccines reached them on the pre-decided days. This has been an unprecedented effort in the history of independent India.
  6. All these efforts were complemented by a robust tech platform in CoWIN. It ensured that the vaccine drive was equitable, scalable, trackable, and transparent.
  7. This ensured that there was no scope for favouritism or jumping the queue. It also ensured that a poor worker could take the first dose in his village and the second dose of the same vaccine in the city where he works, after the required time interval.
  8. In addition to a real-time dashboard to boost transparency, the QR-coded certificates ensured verifiability. There are hardly any examples of such efforts not only in India but also the world.


PM Modi lauded the achieving India’s 100crore vaccination drive:

  1. Democracy means taking everyone along – Sabka Saath. The country started the campaign of ‘Free Vaccine and Vaccine for Everyone’.
  2. Vaccinations were given to Poor-rich, Rural-urban alike. He remarked that the country has only one mantra that if the disease does not discriminate, then there cannot be any discrimination in the vaccination.
  3. He said that’s why it was ensured that the VIP culture of entitlement does not dominate the vaccination campaign.
  4. The Prime Minister said questions were raised that most of the people in India would not go to the vaccination centre to get vaccinated.
  5. Vaccine hesitancy remains a major challenge even today in many major developed countries of the world.
  6. But the people of India have answered it by taking 100 crore vaccine doses. He said a campaign is ‘everybody’s effort’ and if everyone’s efforts are synergized, the results are amazing.
  7. He said that the Government made public participation the first line of defence in the country’s fight against the pandemic.
  8. After that, distribution to different states and timely delivery of vaccines to far-flung areas.
  9. With scientific methods and new innovations, the country has found solutions to these challenges.



When everyone takes ownership, nothing is impossible. Our health-care workers traversed hills and crossed rivers across difficult geographies to vaccinate people.

Our youth, social workers, health-care workers, social and religious leaders, all deserve credit for the fact that India faces minimal vaccine hesitancy when compared to even developed nations.

India’s success in its vaccination drive has also demonstrated to the whole world that ‘democracy can deliver’.

The success achieved in the world’s largest vaccination drive need to further spur our youth, our innovators and all levels of Government to set new benchmarks of public service delivery which will be a model not only for our country but also for the world.