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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 October 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

1. Discuss the factors that cause earthquakes. Why are Earthquakes more common in certain parts of the world than others? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes of earthquakes and to account for its distribution.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining an Earthquake.

Body:

In first part, write about the various natural as well as anthropogenic causes that cause earthquakes.

Next, give a brief about how some regions are more prone to earthquakes than the others. Account for reasons for the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of preparedness to deal with earthquakes.

 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

2. What is a Tsunami? Explain the difference between a tsunami wave and a tidal wave. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the process of Tsunami and how it is caused. In the later part, to differentiate between a Tsunami Wave and tidal wave.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define Tsunami and briefly mention a few examples of Tsunamis witnessed.

Body:

Draw a simple illustrative diagram and explain the phenomenon of the Tsunami. In the explanation, talk about how the wave is formed, propagates (including Shoaling effect) and the destruction caused by it at the end.

In the second part, differentiate between Tsunami Wave and Tidal wave on Wave Speed, Wave period, wavelength, Origin etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by throwing light on Indian preparedness in the early warning mechanism of Tsunamis.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. While India reaches the great landmark of 100 crore vaccine doses, we still have a long way to go in order to cover our entire population. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressThe Hindu

Why the question:

India reached 100 crore Covid-19 doses, which is the fastest rate of vaccination, not just in India, but possibly anywhere in the world.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating that India achieved a landmark 59.29 lakh daily doses on an average which is a commendable step in the public health space.

Body:

Mention the need to cover second doses of much of our population and also to cover other age bracket population such as under 18 and kids. Also, mention the need to maintain the momentum of present vaccination drives. Further highlight the role of states in giving impetus to vaccination drives and also mention about the potential of increased export of vaccines by domestic companies once the local vaccinations are fully covered.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that given the research statistics of a higher prevention mortality rate of fully vaccinated population, India must continue the positive trajectory of its vaccination targets.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Elaborate on the significance of crypto assets in the present global financial dynamics and the need for its regulation in the Indian markets. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

India is emerging as a cryptocurrency hub in the recent times.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the key potential of crypto assets and blockchain technology and the need for a smart regulation of the same.

Directive word: 

ElaborateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by highlighting some of the benefits of crypto assets that they make finance more inclusive and decentralized.

Body:

First bring out the trend of major financial institutions and investors adding cryptocurrency as part of their assets and also the high accountability mechanisms associated with the blockchain technology and its applicability, scalability and security in the Banking, Finance and Insurance sectors.

Next, stress on the need for a robust and smart regulatory mechanism such as safeguards against mis selling, Investor protection, introduction of KYC norms for crypto asset holders to avoid money laundering, clarifying the tax regime on crypto assets etc

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the benefits of crypto assets and blockchain technology can be reaped constructively only with a robust regulatory regime.

 

Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5. Critically analyse the rationale behind divestment and strategic sale of Public Sector Units (PSUs) and its possible macroeconomic impacts. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

In this year’s Budget, the government unveiled a bold new disinvestment policy that envisages a bare minimum presence of government-owned businesses even in the strategic sectors.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand why Governments go for sale of government owned businesses, including transfer of management and control and the economic repercussions of the move.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the recent sale of Air India by the government to the Tata group.

Body:

First, mention the intent behind divestment/strategic sale such as greater administrative efficiency of private management, getting rid of loss-making units, rationalisation of resources and manpower etc. On the contrast also bring out the reasons for low performance of PSUs such as lack of commercial autonomy, lower pecuniary benefits etc.

Next, highlight the macroeconomic impacts such as fiscal stimulus in the economy, more resources with the Government for investment in infrastructure projects, loss of jobs etc

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that divestment/strategic sale must be taken up with utmost caution and only where it is absolutely prudent else it may lead to loss of assets and revenue of the government in the long run.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. Compare Gene editing with that of Genetic modification. Discuss the potential benefits and risks associated with Genetic modification in crops. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Scientists at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute are in the process of developing resilient and high-yield rice varieties using such gene editing techniques, which have already been approved by many countries, and they hope to have such rice varieties in the hands of the Indian farmers by 2024.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the concept of Genetic editing and modification and associated pros and cons.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Genetic modification (GM) and Gene Editing and highlight the difference between the two.

Body:

First, mention about the various benefits such as drought/salinity resistant, pest resistant, higher yield, better nutrition etc with few examples.

Next, mention about the anticipated threats such as expected or harmful genetic changes, inadvertent transfer of genes from one GM plant or animal to another plant or animal etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that in the context of present Food Security needs, more research and regulations are to be brought out in order to roll out safe GM crops.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

7. Since the start of the pandemic, many states have announced varying forms of assistance to help children who lost parents to Covid-19. These measures include monthly aid, fixed deposits, assistance with educational fees and, in some states, counselling support. Apart from the Rs 10 lakh fixed deposit, the central government’s PM Cares for Children scheme also assures minors who lost both parents (or one surviving parent), or legal guardians during the pandemic a monthly stipend after turning 18, and free education and health insurance.

But the fine print of these measures means that large numbers of children who need assistance may not get it, or at least not when they need it. In some states, children are only eligible if the deaths occurred within specific periods – for instance, 1st March 2020 to 1st June 2021 being a reference time period. Most of these states’ measures are focussed on orphans. This leaves out the more than 92,000 children who lost a single parent in India. Even where aid is available, children are frustrated by how long they will have to wait to access it.

In the above scenario, you are posted as a District Magistrate and approached for financial help for a boy in his studies. The boy lost his father to Covid-19 who was the sole breadwinner in the family. His mother is a paralysed woman and completely bed ridden. Being the only child without any family assets or help from relatives, he is being forced to quit school and work as a waiter in a nearby hotel with a meagre pay and food.

With the intention of helping him, when you ask for more details, it is brought to your attention that his father passed away 10th June 2021, which is well beyond the cut-off date notified by the government for compensation and assistance for orphaned. Moreover, the compensation in your state is only for those children who lost both parents to covid-19.

What is your course of action? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, mention the facts of the case and the major ethical issues involved along with the stakeholders.

Body:

Mention the various alternatives in front of you and evaluate their pros and cons.

Select the best alternative which solves the issue and is ethically justified. Give solutions for any cons that arise from the possible solution.

Conclusion:

Stress on the importance of compassion in Civil Servants especially in the light of the above case.


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