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Climate smart farming in India is the only pathway to poverty alleviation, food security, and climate adaptation and mitigation. Comment.

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5. Climate smart farming in India is the only pathway to poverty alleviation, food security, and climate adaptation and mitigation. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Embracing sustainable agriculture is seemingly the only way to improve farm incomes and nutrition security in a climate-changing world.

Key Demand of the question: 

To bring out the interlinkage between climate change, farming , poverty alleviation and food security in India.

Directive word:

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by describing the vagaries of agriculture brought about by climate change such as higher ambient temperatures, less predictable rains, frequent droughts and cyclones.

Body:

Mention about the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) report that identified 16 sustainable agriculture practices (SAPs), that have improved farmers’ net income by reducing inputs costs and increasing crop diversification and also raised annual farm output. Government to support Outcome-based support for nutrition output of cultivation rather than input-based subsidies for fertilizers and power.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that climate smart farming definitely has an effect on poverty alleviation and food security of the nation.