Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 October 2021

 

 

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2022: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 3.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Explain in detail various landforms of glaciation and their significance. Analyse the threats posed by black carbon to glaciers? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write the various forms of glacial landforms and the impact of black carbon on glaciers.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by describing glaciers and its types.

Body:

In the first part, write about the erosional landforms created by the glaciers.

Next, write about the depositional landforms created by the glaciers.

Next, the significance of glacial landforms in geomorphic process, economy and ecology.

Finally, write about Black carbon – its heat trapping properties and its impact on glaciers – cite recent examples to substantiate its impact.

Conclusion:

Mention a way forward to protect the glaciers from the effects of black carbon.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. While the earth’s crust is undergoing constructive changes to create new relief, external forces of nature are working vigorously to level this down. Explain. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Certificate Physical & Human Geography by Goh Cheng Leong.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

The question expects us to explain that the earth’s crust is a result of the constructive changes as a result of orogenesis and the external forces that are aggressively working to wear away the surface. Explain what these forces are and how they impact the formation of earth’s crust

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Highlight that earth’s crust is a result of the constructive changes as a result of orogenesis and the external forces that are aggressively working to wear away the surface.

Body:

First, explain that orogenesis builds new mountains, folding and faulting causes uplift or depression in certain areas and volcanic disruptions also modify the surface

Next, explain the various external forces that working against such forces such as weathering, erosion, transportation and depositing. Explain how they impact the relief features seen on earth’s crust.

Conclusion:

Explain what is the impact of such force.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure

3. India has set itself in the right direction of principle of gender equality enshrined in the Indian Constitution by allowing permanent commissioning of women in the armed forces. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Recently, Defence Minister said that it is justifiable to discuss the role of women in the armed forces and stated the historic examples of Rani Lakshmi bai and Indira Gandhi and their role to defend India in Shanghai Co operation meet.

 Key Demand of the question: 

To discuss the role of women in National defence as part of the armed forces.

Directive word: 

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the constitutional ideal of promoting equality and women empowerment.

Body:

Mention about the untapped potential of women to be leaders in the armed forces until recently and the right move of the government to allow permanent commissioning of women. Next, highlight the twin nature of women as both nurturer/ caregiver as well as a protector. These instincts and by nature with women and has been historically proven by the leaders such as Rani Lakshmi Bai.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that gender cannot be base to discriminate woman in the field of armed forces and that the recent move is a step in the right direction.

 

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

4. Despite being a major agrarian economy, India ranks at 101 out of 116 in the Global Hunger Index. Discuss the cause of such poor performance of India on the Global Hunger Index. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Global Hunger Index ranks India at 101 out of 116 countries

Key Demand of the question: 

To give an account on various factors leading to India’s poor performance in the Global Hunger Index ranking.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by describing key indicators on which the Global Hunger Index is measured.

Body:

Describe the reasons and impact of hunger in India – status of child mortality, stunting and wasting in India. Highlight the key cause of the poor performance being that mothers are too young, too short, too thin and too undernourished themselves, before they get pregnant, during pregnancy, and then after giving birth, during breast-feeding.

Alongside being a health issue, there are social factors like early marriage etc all of which contribute to the undernourishment, stunting and wasting of children.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that mothers should be our prime focus both in terms of their health as well as marriageable age, in order to address the root cause of the issue.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Good governance needs holistic planning and seamless coordination of various infrastructural entities for effective outcomes. Analyse how the recently launched Gati Shakthi scheme imbibes this approach to good governance in infrastructure.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question: 

PM Modi launches the Gati Shakti-National Master Plan to connect India’s economic zones.

Key Demand of the question: 

To highlight the need for a co-ordinated approach to plan infrastructure projects to ensure multi-modal connectivity.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning that Gati Shakthi is the National Master Plan for ‘multi-modal connectivity’, and called it PM Gati Shakti.

Body:

Give an account of the Gati Shakthi initiative that it is a GIS-based capturing all utilities and network linkages in various economic clusters and the master plan in various infrastructure sectors is planned till 2024-25.

Also mention that Gati Shakti will help cut logistic costs, increase cargo handling capacity at ports and reduce the turnaround time thus ensuring a multiplier effect in the overall economic development by improving export competitiveness and investment environment.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that various departments from road to railways, aviation to agriculture are interlinked on a common portal to promote better co ordination and faster outcomes.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

6. You are posted as the S.P of a district with a low literacy rate. You become aware that the some of the population is highly patriarchal and superstitious.

One day, a 31-year-old woman comes to you who was allegedly subjected to a traumatising ritual where ashes given by a godman were smeared on her naked body to “help her give birth to a male child”. The woman was also subjected to four years of mental and physical harassment by her husband and mother-in-law after she gave birth to two daughters. They used to hit her in the stomach and blame her for bringing bad luck to their house. They also started demanding more gold valuables from her parents, without which they even threatened to kill her daughters.

As the S.P, what course of action will you take? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Case Study Fridays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

to develop a link between changing your attitude and changing your behaviour.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving an account of patriarchy and superstition in modern times.

Body:

Mention as an S.P, the short-term measures you will immediately take to provide relief to the woman and hold the guilty party accountable.

Next, write about the long-term measures you will take to root out patriarchy and superstition in the district.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by stressing how changing to right behaviours can impact our nation positively.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos