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Explain in detail various landforms of glaciation and their significance. Analyse the threats posed by black carbon to glaciers?

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Explain in detail various landforms of glaciation and their significance. Analyse the threats posed by black carbon to glaciers? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write the various forms of glacial landforms and the impact of black carbon on glaciers.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by describing glaciers and its types.

Body:

In the first part, write about the erosional landforms created by the glaciers.

Next, write about the depositional landforms created by the glaciers.

Next, the significance of glacial landforms in geomorphic process, economy and ecology.

Finally, write about Black carbon – its heat trapping properties and its impact on glaciers – cite recent examples to substantiate its impact.

Conclusion:

Mention a way forward to protect the glaciers from the effects of black carbon.