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Public order and Police fall entirely in the State sphere, the responsibility of a State Government in regard to these two subjects should be fully respected. However, to meet the security needs of the country, centre can deploy Suo motu its forces in a State. Comment.

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3. Public order and Police fall entirely in the State sphere, the responsibility of a State Government in regard to these two subjects should be fully respected. However, to meet the security needs of the country, centre can deploy Suo motu its forces in a State. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Union Home Ministry has enhanced the powers of the Border Security Force (BSF) to “arrest, search and seize” within 50 km from the international boundary in Assam, West Bengal, Punjab, and the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the Centre-state relations in the context of India’s quasi-federal structure in the realm of deployment of security forces.

Directive word: 

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief on the federal structure of India as per our constitutional provisions.

Body:

First, mention that the federal structure of India is not as rigid as the federal structure of USA.

Next, deliberate on the need for a collaborative approach between the Centre and the state in matters of security (internal and external) and that deployment of Union forces should be on a consensus and situational demand basis.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that Union should exercise its powers of deployment with caution and without causing insecurity of the states.