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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 October 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Chandrashekhar Azad’s idea of nationalism may not have matched with that of Mahatma Gandhi but his contributions for the cause of Indian independence remain immense. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: A Brief History of Modern India by Spectrum Publishers.

Why the question: 

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the contributions of Chandrashekhar Azad to India’s struggle for independence.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write in brief about Chandrashekhar Azad and his unparalleled patriotism.

Body:

First, mention the differences between the ideologies and methodologies of Gandhi and Azad.

Next, write in detail about the various contributions of Azad to India’s struggle for independence – In spreading patriotism, HRA, HSRA etc.

Conclusion:

Summarise the immortal legacy of Azad.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. The continental system which was designed to subjugate Britain economically had fundamental flaws which ultimately led to the downfall of Napoleon. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how the continental system played a part in the downfall of Napoleon.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining continental system.

Body:

First, write about the design of continental system and how its major target was to cripple Britian Economically.

Next, write about the limitations of continental system with respect to its design, implementation, aspects of under estimation the economic prowess of Britain etc which led to its failure.

Next, mention other factors that were responsible for the downfall of Napoleon.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning to what extent continental system was responsible for the downfall of Napoleon.

 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, Social empowerment.

3. Social evils such as child marriage has a multidimensional impact not only on the girl child but on the society as a whole. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

India has the largest number of brides in the world – one-third of the global total.

Key Demand of the question:

To highlight the ill impacts of child marriage in Indian society

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistics about child marriage in India and also the legal stand against it.

Body:

Mention about the educational, health, economical and many other dimensions of development of a child that is being hindered by the ill issue of Child marriage and also mention few laws and organisations that are against such ills.

Also mention the various steps taken by the government to prevent the social evil of child marriage.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that elimination of Child marriage is one of the global agenda (SDG goal) and way forward India must take to achieve it.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

4. Critically analyse the performance of National Green Tribunal (NGT) in upholding its mandate. Do you think the endowment of Suo-motu powers to NGT is a step in right direction? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Supreme Court has declared the National Green Tribunal’s (NGT) position as a “unique” forum endowed with suo motu powers to take up environmental issues across the country.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the limitations of NGT in upholding its mandate and will the grant of Suo moto powers change that.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief introduction on context for introduction of NGT and its mandate

Body:

First, mention some of the landmark environmental reforms brought in through NGT.

Next, list out its shortcomings such as appeals against NGT rulings in High Court and Supreme Court leading to long delays through litigation, lack of overall environmental expertise of the members of tribunal. 

Next, bring out the positive aspects such as the power of NGT to suo-motu take up causes in order to protect the environmental sanctity in the country. Mention the drawbacks of the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to leverage functional capacity of the NGT and do full justice in its environmental mandate.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5. The Covid Pandemic has reiterated the need for “Right to Health” in India. Critically examine its feasibility in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Kailash Satyarthi, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 called on the Parliament of India to take immediate measures to make necessary amendments to the Constitution to declare health care a Fundamental Right.

Key Demand of the question:

To mention the steps needed to implement Health as a Right in India and to mention its impact

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about health care in India.

Body:

First, mention the need for Right to Health that would promote the health of various weaker sections of the society and also boost economic development. Further link the benefits of better healthcare systems to that of various existing schemes like Ayushman Bharath.

Next, bring out the impediments to declare health care a Fundamental Right.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting that Right to Health is only a detailed interpretation of Right to life that is already a constitutional right.  

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. The space industry in the country has the ability to foster a thriving ecosystem of entrepreneurs and private businesses. Comment in the light of launch of Indian Space Association (ISpA). (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi today launched Indian Space Association (ISpA), an industry body aspiring to be the voice of the country’s space sector.

Key Demand of the question: 

To analyse the role of private sector as a partner with the government to harness space technology and innovations for social welfare.

Directive word:

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning ISRO being the prime entity for space research so far allowing very limited space for other private parties to pitch in.

Body:

First, highlight the possible positive outcomes of letting in the private sector to bring in innovations in the space sector.

Next, suggest few examples that would link the use of space technology in public welfare and also boosting of security through better navigation and geolocation capabilities.

Also, discuss the employment opportunities this move would bring in, by giving opportunities to startups in this sector.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the government being an enabler in the space research sector would bring in the best of all stakeholder’s capabilities to the table.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: ethical issues in international relations and funding;

7. According to you, what constitutes international ethics? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To establish how international morality ease suffering during the pandemic and help the world as a whole move on and rebuild together.

Directive:

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining international morality.

Body:

Start by explaining what is International ethics – moral principles, customary International Law, Human rights, Cooperation, Non-aggression etc. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of international morality.


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