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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 October 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. The Moderates played an important role at a critical period in the history of Indian national struggle. Elaborate on their contributions. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: A Brief History of Modern India by Spectrum Publishers.

Why the question: 

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about contributions of Moderates and the role played by them in India’s struggle for independence.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write about how Moderate phase marked the beginning organised struggle in freedom movement.

Body:

Elaborate upon their contributions of economic critique of nationalism, explain in detail the role of moderate in laying foundations for India’s struggle for Independence, spreading nationalism to far and wide and protecting the nascent Indian National Congress from any serious repercussions of the British.

Conclusion:

Summarise the legacy of moderates.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. World War-I fuelled the Russian Revolution and hastened the inevitable collapse of an outdated monarchy unsuitable to compete in the modern world. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain in what way the Russian revolution is regarded as the turning point in the history of the biggest country in the world, how it predisposed World war I and in return how world war I influenced the revolution in Russia.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write about the outbreak of Russian revolution during the course of World War-I.

Body:

In the first part, mention the causes of the Russian Revolution – Political, Administrative, Economic and ideological – Link how the world war exacerbated these causes which made the revolution inevitable.

Next, write about the impact of Russian Revolution.

Conclusion:

Summarise that chain of events led to the collapse of monarchy in Russia and marked the demise of Romanov dynasty.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. Tracing the development of “One-China Policy”, analyse as to how the civic nationalism of Taiwan is in conflict with the Chinese Communist Party’s nationalist legitimacy. What role did U.S play in this issue? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

China’s President Xi Jinping said “national reunification by peaceful means” with Taiwan “will and can be realised”, speaking amid what Taiwan officials have called the worst tensions in four decades.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the One-China Policy, the reasons for current conflict between Taiwan and China and role of U.S.A in it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining the One-China Policy which China hold sacrosanct in establishing diplomatic relations.

Body:

First, trace the development of One-China Policy – in the aftermath of Chinese revolution, the cold war era leading to geostrategic calculations.

Next, write about the present-day conflict between Taiwan and China – The rise of nationalism in Taiwan, their democratic political system etc and contrast it with China. Also, write about why Taiwan matter for China.

Next, write about the role played by U.S in this conflict between China and Taiwan.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the diplomatic resolution of tensions between China and Taiwan.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) has to tread a tightrope between stimulating a economic growth and managing inflation in the country. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The monetary policy committee (MPC) kept the key lending rate, the repo rate, unchanged at 4 percent and retained the monetary stance as ‘accommodative’.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by writing the aims and objectives of monetary policy committee.

Body:

In the first part, Discuss the concept of Inflation targeting first by Monetary Policy – Inflation control is a legitimate objective of economic policy given the correlation between inflation and macro-economic stability. Discuss the impact of inflation targeting.

Next, in relative to the above, mention the economic growth aspect of monetary policy, preventing slowdown in industrial activity, generating flow of credit etc. Write how the situation becomes more precarious as India recovers from the impact of the pandemic.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggest measures to balance India’s developmental ambitions with macro-economic stability.

 

Topic:  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5. In the context of farmers movement against the Agrarian reforms, critically comment on the disparity in procurement of grains for PDS across north westerns states and eastern states in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question: 

Analysis of procurement and PDS data from 2020-21 highlights the stark divide. Government procurement of wheat and paddy in Bihar and West Bengal each account for just 2% of the national total, despite the fact that the latter is the country’s largest rice producer.

Key Demand of the question: 

To understand the production and procurement pattern of food grains from different agrarian belts of the country.

Directive word: 

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a highlight of the cultivation of food grains across the region.

Body:

Firstly, mention few facts regarding the pattern of government procurement of food grains as opposed to the local share of food grains being produced in that given region.

Next, mention its impact on famers, buffer stocks and overall food security aspects.

Next, mention the need for a policy of local procurement to a certain degree to ensure the livelihoods of the local farmers, manage storage and warehousing issues

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that Agrarian reforms must take up an equitable approach in order to address the issues of farmers across all regions of the nation.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Stubble burning has been a major cause of air pollution and many efforts to tackle it have yielded mixed results. Examine the potential of bio-decomposers to address this issue. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Delhi government, in a move to provide an alternative to stubble burning and combat air pollution, will on Monday start its campaign to use bio-decomposer solution on farmlands under its winter action plan.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues related to stubble burning and discuss the role bio-decomposers can play in tackling it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what is stubble burning and the reasons why it is undertaken.

Body:

First, wite about the effects of the stubble burning on air quality in north India and it impact on health and ecosystem.

Next, policy measures that have been takin this regard so far and examine the effectiveness in addressing the problem.

Next, explain bio-decomposers, their functioning and efficacy in addressing the issue of stubble burning.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to tackling stubble burning holistically.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators

7. Buddhism has very rich ideas related to ethics and morality and it guides the method and action of cultivating one’s moral character. Explain. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write the how Buddhist ethics help in shaping ones character.

Directive:

Explain – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In the introduction, given brief of major aspects of Buddhist ethics.

Body:

Explain the detail that Buddhism proposes a way of thinking about ethics based on the assumption that all sentient beings want to avoid pain. Thus, the Buddha teaches that an action is good if it leads to freedom from suffering.

Next, Mention the Do No Harm principle, Compassion, Justice and Accountability etc which the Buddhist philosophy emphasises.

Mention its application in daily life,

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning Buddhist moral claims of compassion and equality can contribute to the thinking of modern educational issues, such as peace education, ecological education


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