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The acceptance of Partition in 1947 was only the final act of a process of step-by-step concession to the League’s intransigent championing of a sovereign Muslim state. Elucidate.

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. The acceptance of Partition in 1947 was only the final act of a process of step-by-step concession to the League’s intransigent championing of a sovereign Muslim state. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.

Why the question: 

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Concessions made to the Muslim league prior to the acceptance of partition.

Directive word:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by writing that partition was the result of Congress’s inability over the course of the national movement to draw Muslim masses in large numbers into the struggle for freedom.

Body:

Introduce the June 3rd plan that was accepted by the Congress. Then trace in a chronological manner the concessions made by Congress to the League over the course of several years (autonomy of muslim majority provinces accepted in 1942, Gandhiji accepting right of self-determination in muslim majority provinces in 1944, etc.)

Conclusion:

Conclude with the note that partition turned out to be a bloody affair, as opposed to expectations that it would be free of any violence.