Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
1. It was from the latter part of 1927 that the curve of the mass anti-imperialist upsurge began to take a marked upward turn. What were some of the events that led up to the Civil Disobedience Movement? Examine. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To list important events that took place 1927 onwards up to the start of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Start with a summary of what happened following the Non-Cooperation Movement up to 1927.
In first part, write how the British government’s actions (in 1927) proved to be the spark that lit the fire (Civil Disobedience Movement).
Proceed to write how a new wave of youth embraced the idea of becoming freedom fighters, were influenced by socialism. Do not forget to mention the Nehru report, the reaction of youth to this report, Jinnah’s 14 points, Delhi manifesto etc.
Write that the ignorance by the British government of Gandhi’s 11 point-demand triggered the start of the civil disobedience movement.