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Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM):

GS Paper 2:

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

 

Context:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a newly designed Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) mobile application on October 2, 2021, Gandhi Jayanti.

  • The app would enable anyone to fund provision of tap water in rural parts of India.

 

About the Jal Jeevan Mission:

JJM envisages supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.

It is under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

  • It was launched in 2019.

 

The mission ensures:

  1. Functionality of existing water supply systems and water connections.
  2. Water quality monitoring and testing as well as sustainable agriculture.
  3. Conjunctive use of conserved water.
  4. Drinking water source augmentation.
  5. Drinking water supply system, grey water treatment and its reuse.

 

It also encompasses:

  1. Prioritizing provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  2. Providing functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, Gram Panchayat buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings.
  3. Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue.

 

Implementation:

  • The Mission is based on a community approach to water and includes extensive Information, Education and Communication as a key component of the mission.
  • JJM looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
  • The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.

 

Performance of the scheme:

As on date, tap water supply has been provided in 772,000 (76 per cent) schools and 748,000 (67.5 per cent) anganwadi centres.

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that the JJM is managed by paani samitis to plan, implement, manage, operate and maintain village water supply systems? Reference: read this.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Mission goal.
  2. Implementation.
  3. Fund allocation.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of the mission.

Sources: the Hindu.