Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Global Roadmap to Defeat Meningitis by 2030:

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Issues related to health.

 

Context:

The Global Roadmap to Defeat Meningitis by 2030 was recently released by the World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners.

  • This is the first-ever global strategy to defeat meningitis.
  • It aims to eliminate epidemics of bacterial meningitis and to reduce deaths by 70 per cent and halve the number of cases.

 

The new roadmap will aim for:

  1. Achievement of high immunisation coverage, development of new affordable vaccines and improved prevention strategies and outbreak response.
  2. Speedy diagnosis and optimal treatment for patients.
  3. Good data to guide prevention and control efforts.
  4. Care and support for those affected, focusing on early recognition and improved access to care and support for after-effects.
  5. Advocacy and engagement, to ensure high awareness of meningitis, accountability for national plans, and affirmation of the right to prevention, care and after-care services.

 

Significance:

The strategy could save more than 200,000 lives annually and significantly reduce disability caused by the disease.

 

About Meningitis:

  • Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.
  • It is predominantly caused by bacterial and viral infection.
  • Meningitis caused by bacterial infection causes around 250,000 deaths a year and can lead to fast-spreading epidemics.
  • It kills a tenth of those infected — mostly children and young people — and leaves a fifth with long-lasting disability.

 

Insta Curious:

Have you heard about the ‘Meningitis Belt’ which spans 26 countries across sub-Saharan Africa? Reference: read this.

Sources: down to earth.