GS Paper 2
Topics Covered: Issues related to health.
- This is the first-ever global strategy to defeat meningitis.
- It aims to eliminate epidemics of bacterial meningitis and to reduce deaths by 70 per cent and halve the number of cases.
The new roadmap will aim for:
- Achievement of high immunisation coverage, development of new affordable vaccines and improved prevention strategies and outbreak response.
- Speedy diagnosis and optimal treatment for patients.
- Good data to guide prevention and control efforts.
- Care and support for those affected, focusing on early recognition and improved access to care and support for after-effects.
- Advocacy and engagement, to ensure high awareness of meningitis, accountability for national plans, and affirmation of the right to prevention, care and after-care services.
The strategy could save more than 200,000 lives annually and significantly reduce disability caused by the disease.
- Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.
- It is predominantly caused by bacterial and viral infection.
- Meningitis caused by bacterial infection causes around 250,000 deaths a year and can lead to fast-spreading epidemics.
- It kills a tenth of those infected — mostly children and young people — and leaves a fifth with long-lasting disability.
Have you heard about the ‘Meningitis Belt’ which spans 26 countries across sub-Saharan Africa? Reference: read this.
Sources: down to earth.