Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
1. Analyse the role played by the Chinese Communist Party from its birth in 1921, to 1949 when the party emerged victorious in the Chinese Revolution. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Easy
Reference: Mastering World History by Norman Lowe
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain certain important events/moments of the CCP in a chronological manner during the Chinese revolution.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start by writing about the background in which the CCP emerged – the Warlord Era.
First write about the role of CCP prior to its breach with the KMT (1927-28), then, its role after rejigging its priorities under Mao’s influence. Third, write why the CCP gained influence during the civil war period, and finally the reasons for CCP victory.
Conclude by mentioning that the victory came at a cost – it was isolated by the west for several decades.