Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 September 2021

 

 

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2022: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 3.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. “The Nuremberg trial sentenced only eleven leading Nazis to death. Many others were imprisoned for life. The Allies did not want to be as harsh on defeated Germany as they had been after the first world war.” Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: History of modern world by jain & Mathur

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about some of the terms imposed on Germany after the first world war? Why were they regarded as being harsh? What was the eventual outcome of these terms?

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing what the Nuremberg trials were – military tribunals that prosecuted Nazi leaders.

Body:

Write first some of the terms imposed on Germany under the Treaty of Versailles – lost territory, lost colonies, the reparations clause, etc. Then, why were the Germans were unhappy with the terms? Finally, how the chain of events following the Treaty led to the rise of Hitler and consequently the 2nd world war (creation of a “forced” republic, how the republic crushed socialist movements, the economic crises, rise of Hitler).

Conclusion:

Conclude by mention a relatively forgiving peace following the second world war as opposed to the first, averted a third world war.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. In what manner did the outbreak of World War 2 affect India’s struggle for Independence? Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: History of modern world by Jain & Mathur

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about political, social and economic impact of World War-II on India and the Indian response to it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – You have to write about the given topic in detail, while considering the different issues involved.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by presenting the context: The INC always stood for anti-fascism. However, the imperialist Government of India declared India’s support for the war without any consultations with India’s political parties. This exposed the hypocrisy of British’s apparent role as a protector of the idea of democracy in world war 2.

Body:

First, mention the impact of world war-2 on India.

Next, the different responses of prominent INC leaders. Second, the INC resolution at the Wardha meeting. Third, the Government’s response, and fourth, the INC’s response – calling upon provincial congress ministries to resign.

Conclusion:

How the war continued to impact and changed the course India’s struggle for Independence.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

3. POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 has created an enabling atmosphere to tackle hunger and malnutrition. However, its needs to account for the new realities in the covid times to make India malnutrition free. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Covid-19 has disrupted almost everything. As always, in any emergency, the hardest hit are the poor. In poor households, women and children are the worst affected.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the achievements of POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 in tackling malnutrition and further steps that are required in the light of the disruptions created by the pandemic.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0, its aims and objectives.

Body:

First, write about the successes of Begin by writing about POSHAN Abhiyaan 1.0 and 2.0 in tackling the issue of hunger and malnutrition.

Next, right about the disruptions created by the pandemic in this regard – disruption in food systems, dried-up income sources, job losses and consequent financial hardships etc. Bring outs it impact.

Next, suggest steps to further streamline POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the fact that by making POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 a resounding success, India takes a step towards achieving SDG-2.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

4. Minimum Support Price (MSP) as the sole source of growth in Farmers’ Income is not all sufficient. A strategy focused on diversification and technology-based value chains in agriculture is needed to double farmers income. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Situation Assessment Survey (SAS) of agricultural households conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO). As per this survey, an average agricultural household earned a monthly income of Rs 10,218 in 2018-19 (July-June) in nominal terms.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about need to focus on diversification and technology-based value chains to double farmers income.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the ambitious goal of doubling farmers income.

Body:

First, write the drawbacks of MSP which is not sufficient to improve farmers income.

Next, write about diversification – Increase in productivity of crops, Increase in production of livestock, intensity and Diversification towards high value crops etc.

Next, write about technology-based value chains leading to Improved price realization by farmers.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to double farmers income whilst including recommendations of Ashok Dalwai committee.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Deep tech ecosystem in India is growing by leaps and bounds. A proper policy support and seamless investment can help leverage Indian Deep tech ecosystem in developing sustainable solutions for the country. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Difficult

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Deep tech, a term that includes advanced manufacturing and robotics, blockchain, AI, and big data, remains the fastest growing group globally. Fintech has also experienced substantial growth in last five years, the company noted in a report titled ‘The Global Startup Ecosystem 2021’.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the growth od Deep tech in India, its potential and further steps need to realise its potential.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining the deep tech.

Body:

First, write about the various types of deep tech. Give statistics which indicate the rapid growth of deep tech.

Next, write about the potential of deep tech to boost growth in healthcare, education, industrial and manufacturing, and other areas.

Next, write about the policy and investment opportunities that are need for the seamless growth of the sector. to boost growth in healthcare, education, industrial and manufacturing, and other areas

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward

 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management

6. Cyclones will further amplify with impact of Climate change and significantly increase the vulnerability of the coastal population. Developing appropriate coping strategies and risk reduction plans, along with greater public awareness, is a must disaster management in India. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Cyclone Gulab which made landfall on Sunday evening at Kalingaptnam left a trail of destruction in the north coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh, throwing normal life out of gear.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the further vulnerability of coastal states to the cyclones in the face of climate changed and measures needed to adapt and cope with it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with brief introduction on cyclones that have affected India in recent times.

Body:

In first part, cite increasing frequency of cyclones on both the eastern and western coast of India due to impact of climate change.

Next, bring out the economic costs and human costs as a result of devastation caused by the severe cyclones.

Write about the steps that are needed. Enhancing national, state, district and local level advocacy partnerships and knowledge management for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction, Developing hazard risk management tools, methodologies and practices etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion

7. Attitude, when shaped in the right way, can influence behaviour to achieve a favourable outcome. Explain. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

to develop a link between changing your attitude and changing your behaviour.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In the introduction, define attitude and behaviour. Mention the difference between attitude and behaviour.

Body:

With relevant examples elaborate on how attitude can be change and that change in the resultant behaviour.

How behavior and attitude affect us and the need to adopt behaviours which are of empathy, compassion, fortitude and integrity.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by stressing how changing to right behaviours and attitude can impact our life positively.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos