Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Mission 2022] INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 24 September 2021

 

 

InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically. 

current affairs, current events, current gk, insights ias current affairs, upsc ias current affairs

 

Table of Contents

GS Paper 2:

1. State Food Safety Index (SFSI).

2. SCO Peaceful Mission 2021.

 

GS Paper 3:

1. BharatNet project.

2. NASA’s VIPER Mission.

3. World Rhino Day — September 22.

4. IMO urged to act on Black Carbon emissions.

5. Assam, Mizoram border dispute.

 

Facts for Prelims:

1. Sign Language Day.

2. Vishnuonyx.

3. Samudra Shakti.

4. Hybodont Shark.


State Food Safety Index (SFSI):

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Context:

Recently, the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare released the 3rd State Food Safety Index (SFSI).

 

Highlights of the index:

  1. Among the larger states, Gujarat was the top ranking state, followed by Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  2. Among the smaller states, Goa stood first followed by Meghalaya and Manipur.
  3. Among UTs, Jammu & Kashmir, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and New Delhi secured top ranks.

 

About the Index:

The Index is a dynamic quantitative and qualitative benchmarking model that provides an objective framework for evaluating food safety across all States/UTs.

  • The first State Food Safety Index for the year 2018-19 was announced on the first-ever World Food Safety Day on 7th June 2019.

The index is developed by FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) to measure the performance of states on five significant parameters of Food Safety.

  • The parameters include Human Resources and Institutional Data, Compliance, Food Testing – Infrastructure and Surveillance, Training & Capacity Building and Consumer Empowerment.

 

Insta Curious:

Do you know about the Food Safety Mitra (FSM) scheme? Reference: 

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About FSSAI.
  2. About State Food Safety Index (SFSI).
  3. Parameters.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of SFSI.

Sources: PIB.

SCO Peaceful Mission 2021:

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

 

Context:

Indian Military Contingent recently participated in the 6th Edition of Exercise SCO Peaceful Mission 2021 at Orenburg, Russia.

 

Exercise SCO Peaceful Mission:

  • Joint Counter Terrorism Exercise PEACEFUL MISSION is a Multilateral Exercise, which is conducted biennially as part of military diplomacy between Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) member states.
  • The aim of the exercise is to foster close relations between SCO member states and to enhance abilities of the military leaders to command multi-national military contingents.
  • The exercise will enable sharing of best practices between the Armed Forces of SCO nations.

 

About the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO):

It is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation.

It’s creation was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.

  • It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.

 

The SCO’s main goals are as follows:

Strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states; promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology and culture, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other areas; making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region; and moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order.

 

Membership:

SCO comprises eight member states, namely the Republic of India, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.

 

Insta Curious:

Do you know about SCO RATS? Read this to understand its roles and functions.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is Shanghai Five?
  2. When was SCO charter signed and when it entered into force?
  3. SCO founding members.
  4. When did India join the group?
  5. Observers and dialogue partners of SCO.
  6. Permanent bodies under SCO.
  7. Official languages of SCO.

Mains Link:

Discuss the objectives and significance of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.

Sources: PIB.

BharatNet project:

GS Paper 3

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Context:

The Meghalaya Cabinet has cleared amendments to a tripartite agreement for the implementation of BharatNet project in Meghalaya.

  • The agreement was first signed in 2013 between DOT, Meghalaya government’s IT Department and Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL) – the body responsible for implementation of BharatNet.

 

Background:

Union Cabinet, in July 2021, accorded approval for the revised implementation strategy of BharatNet through Public-Private Partnership(PPP) mode in 16 States of the country.

The startegy includes:

  1. The government will provide Rs 19,041 crore as viability gap funding for the project.
  2. BharatNet will now extend up to all inhabited villages beyond the gram panchayats (GPs) in the said states.
  3. It includes creation, upgradation, operation, maintenance and utilisation of BharatNet by the concessionaire who will be selected by a competitive international bidding process.

 

Significance:

  1. The PPP model will leverage private sector efficiency for operation, maintenance, utilisation and revenue generation, and is expected to result in a faster rollout of BharatNet.
  2. Extension of reach of BharatNet to all inhabited villages with reliable, quality, high speed broadband will enable better access of e-services offered by various central and state government agencies.
  3. It will also enable online education, telemedicine, skill development, e-commerce and other applications of broadband.

 

About BharatNet:

  1. BharatNet Project was originally launched in 2011 as the National Optical Fibre Network(NOFN) and renamed as Bharat-Net in 2015.
  2. It seeks to provide connectivity to 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats (GPs) through optical fibre.
  3. It is a flagship mission implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Ltd. (BBNL).
  4. The objective is to facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, Internet and other services to rural India.

 

The larger vision of the project is:

  • To establish a highly scalable network infrastructure accessible on a non-discriminatory basis.
  • To provide on demand, affordable broadband connectivity of 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps for all households and on demand capacity to all institutions.
  • To realise the vision of Digital India, in partnership with States and the private sector.

 

Implementation:

The project is a Centre-State collaborative project, with the States contributing free Rights of Way for establishing the Optical Fibre Network.

The entire project is being funded by Universal service Obligation Fund (USOF), which was set up for improving telecom services in rural and remote areas of the country.

 

 

Insta Curious:

Do you know what Dark Fibre is?Read Here

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About BharatNet.
  2. Objectives and implementation.
  3. About USOF.
  4. About BBNL.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of BharatNet Project.

Sources: the Hindu.

NASA’s VIPER Mission:

GS Paper 3.

Topics Covered: Awareness in space.

 

NASA’s VIPER Mission:

Context:

NASA has chosen a landing site for the Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER).

  • The site is on the western edge of Nobile crater, near the lunar south pole. The crater was named after Italian polar explorer Umberto Nobile.

 

Background:

NASA, in July 2021, announced that it will launch its Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover, or VIPER, in 2023.

  • NASA is undertaking the mission to understand if it is possible for human life to sustain there, by using locally available resources.

 

About the mission:

  • VIPER is a mobile robot.
  • It is the first resource mapping mission on any other celestial body.
  • NASA’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) will be providing the launch vehicle and lander for what’s going to be a 100-day mission.

 

Objectives of the mission:

  1. To explore the Moon’s South Pole region.
  2. Help create lunar resource maps.
  3. Evaluate the concentration of water as well as other potential resources on its surface.

 

Significance of the mission:

VIPER’s findings will inform “future landing sites under the Artemis program by helping to determine locations where water and other resources can be harvested” to sustain humans over extended stays.

 

Insta Curious:

Do you know about NASA’s Artemis programme which seeks to establish a sustainable human presence on the surface of the Moon by 2028? Reference: 

Sources: the Hindu.

World Rhino Day — September 22:

GS Paper 3

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

 

Context:

Assam marked World Rhino Day — September 22 — with a special ceremony by burning a stockpile of nearly 2,500 horns of the one-horned rhinoceros.

  • It has been publicised as a milestone towards rhino conservation and is aimed at busting myths about rhino horns.
  • It’s a loud and clear message to the poachers and smugglers that such items have no value.

 

Is the government allowed to do so?

India is a signatory to CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna). Thus, it is illegal to sell the horns in the country anyway.

  • Also, the case for the destruction of horns is a process that is in compliance with Section 39(3)(c) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972.

 

About One- horned rhinos:

  • Only the Great One-Horned Rhino is found in India.
  • Also known as Indian rhino, it is the largest of the rhino species.
  • It is identified by a single black horn and a grey-brown hide with skin folds.
  • They primarily graze, with a diet consisting almost entirely of grasses as well as leaves, branches of shrubs and trees, fruit, and aquatic plants.

 

Protection Status:

  1. IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.
  2. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Appendix I (Threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research).
  3. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I.

 

Other Conservation Efforts by India:

  • The five rhino range nations (India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia) have signed a declaration ‘The New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019’ for the conservation and protection of the species.
  • The Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has begun a project to create DNA profiles of all rhinos in the country.
  • National Rhino Conservation Strategy: It was launched in 2019 to conserve the greater one-horned rhinoceros.

 

About the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 (IRV 2020):

Launched in 2005.

  • IRV 2020 is an initiative led by the Forest Department, Government of Assam, in partnership with WWF India, International Rhino Foundation, and several other organizations.
  • The goal of IRV2020 was to increase the rhino population in Assam to 3,000 by establishing populations in new areas.
  • Rhinos are now found in four Protected Areas in Assam: Pabitora Wildlife Reserve, Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, Kaziranga National Park, and Manas National Park.

current affairs

 

Insta Curious:

Two adult one-horned rhinos were recently translocated from Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary to Manas National Park, under the aegis of the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 (IRV 2020).

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Different Rhino species.
  2. One horned Rhino in India.
  3. Habitats.
  4. Conservation status.
  5. Conservation efforts.
  6. About IRV 2020.

Mains Link:

Write a note on IRV 2020.

Sources: the Hindu.

IMO urged to act on Black Carbon emissions:

GS Paper 3

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

 

Context:

With Arctic summer ice reaching its 12th lowest ever extent, the Clean Arctic Alliance has called for urgent cuts to black carbon emissions from shipping, ahead of the 77th Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) meeting (MEPC 77) at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in November.

 

About the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC):

In order to ensure that a proactive stance is taken by in order to protect and safeguard the interests of the marine environment and ecosystem, the IMO has established the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC).

  • The committee seeks to provide a solution for the problem of air pollution caused by the constant and heavy traffic of ships in the oceanic areas.
  • The committee in its sessions also seeks to provide required revisions to the existing MARPOL stipulations and guidelines.
  • The creation and enforcement of PSSAs (Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas) and other special oceanic zones is also an area that is looked into by the environment protection organisation.

 

What is black Carbon? What are the concerns?

Black carbon results from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and biomass. BC is produced both naturally and by human activities as a result of the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels, and biomass.

  • Primary sources include emissions from diesel engines, cook stoves, wood burning and forest fires.
  • It is a short-lived pollutant that is the second-largest contributor to warming the planet behind carbon dioxide (CO2).

 

Insta Curious:

Despite similar names, carbon black should not be confused with black carbon. What is Carbon Black? ( Read very briefly from an exam point of view. Preferably the time to save time)

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Black Carbon.
  2. Sources.
  3. Effects.
  4. What is brown carbon?

Mains Link:

Discuss the issues associated with the deposition of black carbon on snow.

Sources: IMO.

Assam, Mizoram border dispute:

GS Paper 3

Topics Covered: Internal security related issues.

 

Context:

The Chief Ministers of Assam and Mizoram have sought to ease tensions along the border.

 

Recent incidents/developments: 

The police forces of both States exchanged fires on July 26. This left six Assam policemen and a civilian dead and 60 others injured.

  • Assam claimed the firing was one-sided and unprovoked, while Mizoram said they retaliated to the aggression by the Assam police.

 

Origins of the dispute:

The two States share a 164.6-km volatile border and the conflict is decades-old.

At the center of the dispute are two notifications- 1875 and 1993:

  • Mizoram claims that the land is theirs is based on an 1875 notification, which came from the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act of 1873.
  • Assam claims that the land is theirs based on a 1933 notification that demarcated the Lushai Hills, which Mizoram was formerly known as, from the province of Manipur.

mizoram

Impacts of such incidents:

After recent incidents, locals in Assam blocked the National Highway-306 besides uprooting a stretch of the lone railway track connecting Mizoram. Transportation of people and goods to and from Mizoram had thus been affected.

 

What needs to be done?

  • The Supreme Court should be approached for an amicable solution.
  • CRPF forces should patrol and monitor the region under the direct supervision of the Union government should be increased.
  • Avoid posting sensitive messages and make judicious use of social media platform” to prevent any possible escalation of the situation.

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that besides Assam and Mizoram, there are seven such conflicts that the home ministry says are ongoing? Here is a brief overview,

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Border between Assam and Mizoram.
  2. Reasons for the Border dispute.
  3. North East states that have international borders.
  4. NH 306- location.
  5. Overview of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act of 1873.

Mains Link:

Suggest measures to end the Assam- Mizoram border dispute.

Sources: the Hindu.

Facts for Prelims:

Sign Language Day:

  • Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre (ISLRTC), an autonomous body within the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan) under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, will be celebrating ‘Sign Language Day’ on September 23, 2021.
  • The theme for International Day of Sign Languages 2021 is “We Sign For Human Rights”.
  • The day was first celebrated in 2018 as a part of the International Week of the Deaf.
  • September 23 was chosen because on this date the World Federation of the Deaf (WFD) was established in 1951.
  • The use of sign languages has been recognised and promoted by the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). That is sign languages are equal in status to spoken language and obligates states parties to facilitate the learning of sign language and promote the linguistic identity of the deaf community.

current affairs

Vishnuonyx:

  • Researchers from the Universities of Tübingen and Zaragoza have discovered the fossil of a previously unknown species, which they have named Vishnuonyx neptuni, meaning ‘Neptune’s Vishnu’.
  • Between 12.5 million and 14 million years ago, Vishnuonyx, members of a genus of otters, lived in the major rivers of southern Asia.
  • Fossils of these now extinct otters were first discovered in sediments found in the foothills of the Himalayas. Now, a newly found fossil indicates it had travelled as far as Germany.
  • This is the first discovery of any member of the Vishnuonyx genus in Europe; it is also its most northern and western record till date.

current affairs

Samudra Shakti:

  • Samudra Shakti is a bilateral exercise between the navies of India and Indonesia that was conceived in 2018.
  • The exercise aims to strengthen the bilateral relationship, enhance mutual understanding and interoperability in maritime operations between the two navies.

 

Hybodont Shark:

  • In a rare discovery, teeth of new species of hybodont shark of the Jurassic age have been reported for the first time from Jaisalmer by a team of the Geological Survey of India (GSI).
  • Hybodonts, an extinct group of sharks, was a dominant group of fishes in both marine and fluvial environments during the Triassic and early Jurassic time.
  • They became extinct at the end of the Cretaceous time 65 million years ago.

current affairs


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos