Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6. Enumerate the policy measures taken in India to tackle air pollution. With the World Health Organisation (WHO) releasing updated air pollution standards, analyse the further steps that are required to improve the quality of air. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Live Mint, Down to Earth
Why the question:
The WHO has updated global air pollution standards, a first since 2005. The update, in most instances, reduces the maximum permissible limits for several classes of pollutants from nitrous oxide to particulate matter (PM).
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the steps taken so far to tackle air pollution and suggest further steps to improve the quality of air on the basis recent recommendations by WHO.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Begin the answer by giving air pollution statistics in India.
In brief, write about the impact of air pollution in India.
Next, write about the various policy measures like Air Pollution Act, National Clean Air Programme (NCAP), Commission for Air Quality Management, Graded Response Action Plan, National Ambient Air Quality Standard etc.
Next, write about the recent updated global air pollution standards by WHO. Mention the steps that India must ensure to conform with those and further improve the quality of air.
Conclude with a way forward