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Although there were several positives to the Industrial Revolution there were also many negative elements. Examine. Also, write about how did the Industrial Revolution impact India?

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Although there were several positives to the Industrial Revolution there were also many negative elements. Examine. Also, write about how did the Industrial Revolution impact India? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the positive and negative impact of Industrial revolution as well as its impact on India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by mentioning the manifold of major changes brought on Industrial revolution.

Body:

In the first part mention the positive impact of Industrial revolution – Growth of modern Industry, emergence of cities, new capitalistic class, improvement in lifestyle, technological innovations etc.

Next, mention the negative impact of IR – poor working conditions, poor living conditions, low wages, child labor, Luddite movement and pollution. 

Next, in detail, write about how IR in Britain impact the Indian colony.

Conclusion:

Summarise the overall impact of Industrial revolution.