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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 September 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. The creation of Germany was largely because of the growing sense of German nationalism, which had not existed in Europe prior to the 19th century. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of German nationalism in the unification of Italy.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by writing about the rise of nationalism across Europe in the 19th century.

Body:

Write about the factors which contributed the growth of German Nationalism – Revolutions of 1830 and 1848, Role of Napoleon, German philosophers etc. Analyse to what extent they were responsible for unification of Germany.

Mention the other factors responsible for the unification process.

Conclusion:

Summarise the impact of nationalism in the unification process.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Garibaldi was a great patriot and is considered as the ‘sword of Italian unification’. Discuss his contributions towards the unification of Italy. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about contribution of Garibaldi towards the unification of Italy.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief about the Garibaldi the Italian patriot and his guerrilla Redshirts during Italian unification.

Body:

In Brief, mention the various obstacles for the unification of Italy.

In detail, mention as how Garibaldi helped overcome the above – His joining of ‘Young Italy’, His support to King Victor Emmanuel II, His efforts and leading the army – Red Shirts, conquering the states of Sicily and Naples.

Conclusion:

Summarise how the contributions of the of Garibaldi further paved the way for the unification of Italy.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. The signing of Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) can be the peak in the ever-growing strategic relations between India and the United Arab Emirates and bring in mutual benefits to both the countries. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Economic Times

Why the question:

India and the United Arab Emirates on Wednesday announced the launch of the negotiations for a mutually beneficial Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) with the aim to end talks by the end of this year and sign a formal agreement in March next year.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how CEPA can benefits India and UAE while bring the countries strategically closer.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context launch of the negotiations for a mutually beneficial Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) between India and UAE.

Body:

In the first part, in brief, giving a account of tries between India-U.A.E till recent times. (You can make use of a flow chart for better presentation).

Next, describe the proposed CEPA – how it will benefit both India and U.A.E in terms of trade, investments, technology, infrastructure and etc labour.

Bring out the strategic implications of signing of CEPA and any potential bottlenecks in signing it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward for realisation of a mutually beneficial CEPA.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Examine the factors for the high rate of inflation in the Indian economy in the recent months. Suggest measures to keep the inflation within the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s tolerance band. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Inflation for the last four months has been worryingly high — wholesale price index (WPI) has been above 10% and consumer price index (CPI) crossed the 6% mark in June, which was above the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s tolerance band.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for high rate of inflation and suggest measures to keep it under control.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin defining inflation and giving the recent rates of high rates of inflation.

Body:

In the first part, in detail explain the reasons for the recent high rate of inflation – increased taxation of energy, disrupted supplies, sharp rise in the profits of the corporate sector, international factors and weakening of the rupee. Write about the impact of rise of inflation on the marco-economic situation of India.

Suggest measures to bring inflation under control to keep it under acceptable limits.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. The alarming rate of sea level rise can have varied yet devastating effects on the coastal states. Examine the vulnerability of India to global warming induced sea level rise. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Close to 700 million people worldwide live along the coast and there continue to be plans to expand coastal cities. Therefore, understanding the risks involved from climate change and sea level rise in the 21st and 22nd centuries is crucial.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of seal level rise on coastal states and examine India’s vulnerability to it.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic regarding the rise of sea level due to global warming.

Body:

In the first part, write about how rise in sea level impacts the coastal states in various ways – Shoreline erosion and degradation, Amplified storm surges, Permanent inundation, and Saltwater intrusion etc.

Examine how the above will make India vulnerable in various aspects such as employment, land, community livelihood, infrastructure etc.

Suggest measures for adaptation to sea level rise.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to mitigate the impact of global warming – the major cause of sea level rise.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;

6. Do you think religion can be a source of ethical guidance? Justify with examples. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the extent to which religion can serve as the source of ethical guidance.

Directive word: 

Justify – When you are asked to justify, you must pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write about how various religions across the world lead to developmental of religious ethics.

Body:

Write how religious belief systems commands what an individual does. Many individuals and communities have been and continue to be led or influenced by the statutes and precepts of their religious groups to act in a certain way, decision or course of life. Cite examples from major religions across the world.

Religion does have a role to play in developing a sense of ethics, but it is rather limited. What religions tend to do is to give a list of ‘do’s’ and ‘don’ts’ that the faithful’s need to follow. But it does not provide much explanation as to why these rules should be followed. Cite examples from major religions across the world.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced view of religion as the source of ethical guidance.

 

Topic: tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. Compassion is the wish to see others free from suffering. In regard to this statement, explain the importance of compassion. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about compassion and its importance in life.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining compassion or a quote about compassion from a great personality.

Body:

Write about the importance of compassion in our daily lives as well as towards various vulnerable sections. Cite examples to substantiate your points. Mention as to how compassion makes this world a better place.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by underscoring the need for more compassion in the world, especially in these testing and trying times.


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