Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
1. Despite Americans facing seemingly impossible obstacles, they emerged independent. How did the Americans defeat the mighty British Empire in a military conflict? Was the foreign intervention the most decisive factor in the victory of U.S.A? Analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Easy
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the reasons for the victory of U.S.A over Britain.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving the context of victory of U.S.A over Britain against the odds.
In brief, giving a contrast of the might of British empire and relative weaknesses of the Americans.
Next, in detail explain the reasons for the victory of U.S.A over the British. Nature of warfare, spirit of fighting, distance between England and America and involvement of foreign powers etc.
Next, analyse the impact of France and other Europeans in the American war of Independence.
Pass a judgement if it was decisive in deciding the outcome of the conflict.