Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
3. There is no doubt improvement in population control measures and reproductive health of women across the country but efforts are still needed to identify and address the multidimensional aspects of women’s health outcomes. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Live Mint
Why the question:
The devastating impact of the covid pandemic on family planning and sexual and reproductive health, has worsened access to healthcare, putting millions of women at high risk of unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions, illnesses and even death.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the progress made with respect to fertility and women’s health, identify the shortcomings and suggest measures for them.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin the citing the data from the latest NFHS-5 which encapsulates the progress made with respect to above mentioned aspects.
In the first part of the body, mention the issues that still needs to be addressed – malnutrition, anaemia, antenatal care, decision making, control over personal hygiene choices and immunisation and social determinants of health etc. Add, how the pandemic has worsened the above.
Next, mention the steps that are needed to overcome these obstacles.
Highlight that taking steps to address the above will not only improve our socio-economic indicators but will also take us a step closer to SDG-5.