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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 September 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1. Post-independence, Land reforms had a profound impact on agriculture as well as had social implications but there were also certain limitations. Evaluate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Chapter – 29, 30 and 31 – India Since Independence by Bipan Chandra

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the changes brought about by Land reforms in the Indian agricultural scenario and its limitations.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by writing about the land reforms that were initiated in the post independent India.

Body:

Address the structural and institutional changes with respect to the above mention factors.

Elaborate upon how the above were achieved through abolition of intermediaries, tenancy reforms, ceiling on land holdings for land acquisition, massive investment in improvement of the quality of land, its operational conditions and management of its physical conditions.

Bring out the limitations of land reforms in India.

Conclusion:

Stress on the overall socio-economic implications of the Land reforms in India.

 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

2. Critically analyse the impact of green revolution on agriculture. What were the constraints on the spread of High Yielding Varieties (HYV) throughout India? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter – 33 – India Since Independence by Bipan Chandra

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the pros and cons of green revolution in India. Aslo, to write about the constraints on spread of HYV

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of introduction of HYV in India in the face of acute food crisis leading to the green revolution.

Body:

In the first part, write about the pros and cons of the green revolution. The HYV technology increased agricultural output manifold, increase in yield of crops, fast adoption, modern equipment, self-sufficiency etc. Cons like disparities, ecological impact, use of chemical fertiliser etc.

Next part, write about the constraints that limited the spread of HYV – irrigation, lack of farmer’s knowledge, unsatisfactory land tenure system etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the overall impact of the green revolution in India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.  

3. There is no doubt improvement in population control measures and reproductive health of women across the country but efforts are still needed to identify and address the multidimensional aspects of women’s health outcomes. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The devastating impact of the covid pandemic on family planning and sexual and reproductive health, has worsened access to healthcare, putting millions of women at high risk of unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions, illnesses and even death.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the progress made with respect to fertility and women’s health, identify the shortcomings and suggest measures for them.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the citing the data from the latest NFHS-5 which encapsulates the progress made with respect to above mentioned aspects.

Body:

In the first part of the body, mention the issues that still needs to be addressed –  malnutrition, anaemia, antenatal care, decision making, control over personal hygiene choices and immunisation and social determinants of health etc. Add, how the pandemic has worsened the above.

Next, mention the steps that are needed to overcome these obstacles.

Conclusion:

Highlight that taking steps to address the above will not only improve our socio-economic indicators but will also take us a step closer to SDG-5.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.  

4. The AUKUS pact will complement the regional security architecture in the Indo-Pacific but has ramifications extending far beyond it. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

It has been announced the US, Australia and the UK are forming a new security partnership to be known as AUKUS.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of Aukus pact in the Indo-Pacific as well in the European union.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the formation of AUKUS.

Body:

In the first, part elaborate on the security pact and its impact on the Indo-pacific. nuclear-powered submarines in Australia, deterrence to China, enhancing joint capabilities and deeper military interoperability etc.

Next, bring in the impact of formation of AUKUS other countries. – New Zealand, European Union especially with souring of Australia-France relations, possible responses of China. Mention the impact on India.

Conclusion:

Summarise the impact of new geo-political developments on rules based multilateral order

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. What do you understand by inclusive growth? What are the major impediments to inclusive growth and how can they be overcome in the current scenario? Explain. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Key Demand of the question:

To explain about inclusive growth, impediments to it and measures needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining inclusive growth and its key components.

Body:

In the first, in detail write the impediments for inclusive growth – Poverty, lack of adequate employment opportunities, lack of adequate education and skill development and governance deficit, especially in backward regions etc. Mention the impact of covid-19 pandemic on inclusive growth efforts.

Suggest measures and solutions to address these issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude that targeted policy measures addressing the above in the current scenario, with the efforts of government policies and programmes aiming at achieving targets in above key sectors can lead to inclusive growth.

 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

6. High Altitude Pseudo Satellite (HAPS) offer persistence and flexibility to complement satellites and drones in both civilian and defence purposes in India. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Public sector undertaking Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is hoping to get approval soon for government funding to the tune of over Rs 700 crore for what is now a self-financed project to develop an indigenous High Altitude Pseudo Satellite (HAPS).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential HAPS for both civilian and defence purposes in India.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining HAPS.

Body:

In brief, write about the working of HAPS, its concept and how it will complement satellites and drones.

Next, write about the application of HAPS in civilian purposes – Humanitarian Assistance, Disaster Relief, high-resolution coverage and emergency communications etc.

Next, write about the application of HAPS in defence purposes – unmanned warfare programme, HAPS could coordinate in strike missions providing versatile intelligence, surveillance etc.

Conclusion:

Write a way forward towards capacity building for HAPS in India.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7. Swami Vivekananda believed in the transformation of man through moral and spiritual education as a solution for all social evils. Elucidate. (150 words)

Difficulty: Easy

Reference: Ethics by Lexicon publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write upon the philosophy of Swami Vivekananda to eradicate social evils through moral awareness.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Giver a brief introduction of Swami Vivekananda’s philosophy.

Body:

In the first part, write about Swami Vivekananda’s Practical Vedanta. He believed in the basic oneness of existence and advocated strongly the eternal sameness or homogeneity beyond all differentiation, the unity of all personalities.

Mention how Swami Vivekananda’s teaching towards moral enlightenment were a mix a of traditional Vedantic teachings and modern education.

Conclusion:

Mention how his message is universal and eternal very much relevant to the present times.


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