Print Friendly, PDF & Email

High Altitude Pseudo Satellite (HAPS) offer persistence and flexibility to complement satellites and drones in both civilian and defence purposes in India. Elaborate.

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

6. High Altitude Pseudo Satellite (HAPS) offer persistence and flexibility to complement satellites and drones in both civilian and defence purposes in India. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Public sector undertaking Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is hoping to get approval soon for government funding to the tune of over Rs 700 crore for what is now a self-financed project to develop an indigenous High Altitude Pseudo Satellite (HAPS).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential HAPS for both civilian and defence purposes in India.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining HAPS.

Body:

In brief, write about the working of HAPS, its concept and how it will complement satellites and drones.

Next, write about the application of HAPS in civilian purposes – Humanitarian Assistance, Disaster Relief, high-resolution coverage and emergency communications etc.

Next, write about the application of HAPS in defence purposes – unmanned warfare programme, HAPS could coordinate in strike missions providing versatile intelligence, surveillance etc.

Conclusion:

Write a way forward towards capacity building for HAPS in India.