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What were the causes behind the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)? What role did India play in its conception? Evaluate the successes and limitations of NAM in achieving of its stated objectives.

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1. What were the causes behind the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)? What role did India play in its conception? Evaluate the successes and limitations of NAM in achieving of its stated objectives. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter- 4 – NCERT XII – Politics in India since Independence

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes for the formation of NAM, its successes and limitations.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write in brief about formation of NAM and its objectives.

Body:

Firstly, write about the causes for the formation of NAM – Afro-Asian resurgence, Cold War, economic development of newly formed countries and need for peace etc.

Next, write in detail about the role played by India in its formation especially Jawaharlal Nehru contributions to the development of the NAM.

Next, bring out the successes of NAM with respect to its objectives in detail such as opposition to apartheid and colonialism and also mention the shortcomings of it.

Conclusion:

Write about the present-day relevance of NAM.