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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 September 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1. What were the causes behind the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)? What role did India play in its conception? Evaluate the successes and limitations of NAM in achieving of its stated objectives. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter- 4 – NCERT XII – Politics in India since Independence

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes for the formation of NAM, its successes and limitations.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write in brief about formation of NAM and its objectives.

Body:

Firstly, write about the causes for the formation of NAM – Afro-Asian resurgence, Cold War, economic development of newly formed countries and need for peace etc.

Next, write in detail about the role played by India in its formation especially Jawaharlal Nehru contributions to the development of the NAM.

Next, bring out the successes of NAM with respect to its objectives in detail such as opposition to apartheid and colonialism and also mention the shortcomings of it.

Conclusion:

Write about the present-day relevance of NAM.

 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

2. The Sino-Indian War of 1962 had many consequences and India moved from an idealistic foreign policy to practical one. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Chapter- 4 – NCERT XII – Politics in India since Independence

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the consequences of Sino-Indian War of 1962.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give the context of the outbreak of Sino-Indian War of 1962 and its outcome.

Body:

In the detail, mention the consequences of Sino-Indian war on various fronts like Political, Foreign Affairs, Defence and Military, and Ideological etc.

Next, write about the changes that were brought in to prevent such a debacle from happening.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing the bitter lessons learnt in 1962 are relevant in modern day geopolitics.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3. The local bodies in India must aspire to move towards smart and inclusive governance while promoting transparency and efficiency. Discuss the steps that needed to be taken in this regard. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Citizens believe that although the public service delivery and governance has improved, there is more room for progress.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about steps that are needed to improve the performances of local bodies.

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Begin by giving context of rapid urbanisation and greater demand of good governance from the villages and a need to rethink of governance of the local bodies.

Body:

Mention about various fields in which Government services need a fresh look such as the critical role of IT infrastructure, need for a climate resilient planning of policies, citizen centric governance, smart budgeting, linkage across various departments in order to promote transparency and efficiency.

Cite examples and mention how the above can be included in the local administration.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that modern day issues need modern solutions that are both sustainable and scalable.

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

4. An India-United Kingdom Free Trade Agreement (FTA) can unlock new opportunities in trade and bring together people, ideas, and institutions that share a common history. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Formal negotiations for a proposed India-United Kingdom Free Trade Agreement (FTA) would begin on November 1, with an interim ‘early harvest’ agreement to be completed by March 2022, the government stated.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the advantages of FTA for India-U.K while taking in to account potential bottlenecks.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about FTA in the context of India-U.K relations.

Body:

In first part, give the historical ties between the two nations in brief and current status of bilateral relations.

Next, write about potential benefits of FTA for both the countries especially in aftermath of the disruptions caused by Brexit and Covid-19 pandemic. Mention trade, diaspora, collaboration etc.

Mention, the potential bottlenecks such as non-tariff barriers, IP protection and Tariff’s etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward for the potential realisation of the FTA.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5. Do you think that petroleum products should be included under the goods and services tax (GST)? Critically Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The GST Council might on Friday consider taxing petrol, diesel and other petroleum products under the single national GST regime, a move that may require huge compromises by both central and state governments on the taxing these products.

Key Demand of the question:

To debate on including petroleum products under the ambit of GST.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning when GST was introduced the petroleum products under kept out of its ambit and recent discussions have taken place on its inclusion.

Body:

In the first part, mention many economists supporting the proposal as the effective rate under GST regime would be lesser than the current prices, benefit of input credit to certain industries, and equitable revenue distribution between Centre and states etc.

In the next part, Mention about the debate surrounding the topic on lines of states’ apprehension, loss or revenue and autonomy, disgruntlement with the current GST sharing of revenue, GST compensation.

Conclusion:

Pass a comment on whether or not the move is welcome in the current scenario and suggest a way forward.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6. What is Autonomous Driving Technology? Comment on the feasibility of Autonomous Vehicles in India in the near future. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Despite many challenges, Indian companies and start-ups have not shied away from entering the Autonomous Driving Technology.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain Autonomous Driving Technology and to write about its potential and limitations in the Indian scenario.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by briefly explaining about Autonomous Driving Technology.

Body:

In the context of AI being the future, mention the rising trend of prototypes being developed in the Autonomous driving sector.

Comment on the feasibility of such vehicles in India through an analysis of Indian road infrastructure, civic sense of traffic rules, upgraded IT infrastructure, need for a legislative amendments, public acceptance of the disruptive technology etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to a necessary support structure which is robust to handle Autonomous Driving Technology.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“The strength of a nation is derived from the integrity of the home”  –Confucius

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is integrity.

Body:

Explain the quote in your own words.

With examples, mention how integrity can be a strength of the nation. You can link it with honest administration, righteous public, aware citizenry, socio-economic development etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising importance of integrity in making a nation stronger.


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