Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
2. Nehru favoured the policy of integrating the tribal people in Indian society by making them an integral part of the Indian nation, even while maintaining their distinct identity and culture. Elucidate. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Chapter – 9 – India Since Independence by Bipan Chandra
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the Nehruvian approach to integration of tribals in India.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving historical context of Tribals under British India.
Firstly, mention the dilemma posed by the Tribal issues for the newly independent India.
Next, write about the initial approach towards social development of the tribal people in multifarious ways.
Next, mention about the formulation of a government’s policy towards tribals and five point ‘tribal panchsheel’. Mention the steps taken by the government in this regard.
Summarise that policy was guided by Gandhian ideals while allowing tribals to develop at their own pace without coercion.