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Groundswell report on climate change

GS Paper 3

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.



The Report was recently released by the World Bank. It examined how the impacts of slow-onset climate change, such as water scarcity, decreasing crop productivity and rising sea levels, could lead to millions of what it describes as “climate migrants” by 2050.


Highlights and key findings of the report:

The report considers three different scenarios with varying degrees of climate action and development. These include:

  1. Most pessimistic scenario with a high level of emissions and unequal development: The report forecasts up to 216 million people moving within their own countries across the six regions analysed. Those regions are Latin America; North Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; Eastern Europe and Central Asia; South Asia; and East Asia and the Pacific.
  2. In the most climate-friendly scenario, with a low level of emissions and inclusive, sustainable development, the world could still see 44 million people being forced to leave their homes.
  3. In the worst-case scenario, Sub-Saharan Africa — the most vulnerable region due to desertification, fragile coastlines and the population’s dependence on agriculture — would see the most migrants, with up to 86 million people moving within national borders.


Other impacts:

  • Hotspots of internal climate migration could emerge as early as 2030 and continue to spread and intensify by 2050.


The report provides a series of policy recommendations that can help slow the factors driving climate migration and prepare for expected migration flows, including:

  1. Reducing global emissions and making every effort to meet the temperature goals of the Paris Agreement.
  2. Embedding internal climate migration in far-sighted green, resilient, and inclusive development planning.
  3. Preparing for each phase of migration, so that internal climate migration as an adaptation strategy can result in positive development outcomes.
  4. Investing in better understanding of the drivers of internal climate migration to inform well-targeted policies.

current affairs

Insta Curious:

For nearly three decades the UN has been bringing together almost every country on earth for global climate summits – called COPs – which stands for ‘Conference of the Parties’. Where will COP26 be held? What is the agenda? Reference: read this.

Sources: the Hindu.