Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
2. The relentless diplomacy and persuasion used by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel made the dream of united India a reality. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Chapter-1 – NCERT XII – Politics in India since Independence
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the process of integration of princely states in to the Union of India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context of hundreds of princely states and humongous task in front of Sardar Patel.
In the first part, mention as to the tactics used by Sardar Patel to achieve integration of majority of princely states.
Next, throw light on how Junagadh, Hyderabad and Kashmir resisted overtures to join India. Write in detail the methods used to integrate them.
Summarise the contributions of Sardar Patel towards preserving the unity and territorial integrity of India.