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Recruitment of Indian citizens to work in the Portuguese Republic

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.



The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of an agreement on the recruitment of Indian citizens to work in the Portuguese Republic between the Government of India and Portugal.

  • The present agreement would set an institutional mechanism for partnership and cooperation between India and Portugal on sending and accepting Indian workers.

Implementation Strategy:

Under this agreement, a Joint Committee will be set up to follow up the implementation of the same.


  • Signing this agreement with Portugal will add a new destination for Indian migrant workers in an EU member nation, especially in the context of many Indian workers who have returned to India following the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • It will provide new opportunities for skilled Indian workers and professionals.
  • With the conclusion of this agreement, Portugal and India will have a formal arrangement for recruitment of Indian workers.


  • Indian workers would have enhanced job opportunities to work in Portugal.
  • The Government-to-Government mechanism proposed in the agreement will ensure that the movement of workers happens smoothly with the maximum support from both sides.

Historical background of India-Portugal Relations:

India’s relations with Portugal remain close and friendly.

  • Relations began amicably in 1947 after India’s independence and diplomatic relations were established in 1949.
  • Bilateral relations, however, went into decline after 1950 over Portugal’s refusal to surrender its enclaves of Goa, Daman Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli on India’s west coast.
  • By 1955, the two nations had cut off diplomatic relations which were followed by Indian military forces liberating Goa in 1961 through Operation Vijay, ending over 450 years of Portuguese rule in India.
  • In 1974, India and Portugal signed a treaty recognising India’s sovereignty over Goa, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and related matters.
  • With the signing of this treaty in New Delhi on December 31, 1974, diplomatic relations were re-established and an era of friendly bilateral relations began.

Relation After 1974:

Portugal and India cooperate actively in multilateral fora including support for each other’s candidatures.

  • Portugal is supporting India’s bid for a permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council.
  • In October 2005, Portugal extradited Abu Salem and Monica Bedi to India facing terror charges in India.
  • On October 9, 2015, Portugal became the first European and western country, and only the fourth outside the East Asia Summit, to sign a Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of the Nalanda University in India.


Insta Curious:

Do you know about Marakkars who fought against Portuguese invaders? Reference: read this.

Sources: PIB.