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[Mission 2022] INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 10 September 2021

 

 

InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically. 

current affairs, current events, current gk, insights ias current affairs, upsc ias current affairs

 

Table of Contents

GS Paper 1:

1. Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021.

 

GS Paper 2:

1. National Institute Ranking Framework.

2. PLI scheme for textiles.

3. Recruitment of Indian citizens to work in the Portuguese Republic.

4. 13th BRICS Summit.

 

Facts for Prelims:

1. Qeqertaq Avannarleq.

2. Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharata Abhiyan (PMGDISHA).

3. India’s first Dugong conservation reserve.


Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021:

GS Paper 1

Topics Covered: Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

 

Context:

Swachh Survekshan Grameen, 2021 will be launched under the Swachh Bharat Mission Phase- 2 on 9th September, 2021.

  • It aims to support acceleration of ODF plus interventions and results in the country.
  • An expert agency has been hired to conduct the Survekshan 2021.
  • As part of the Survekshan, Villages, Districts and States would be ranked using key parameters.

Coverage:

  • As part of Swachh Survekshan Grameen, 17,475 villages in 698 Districts across the country will be covered.
  • 87,250 public places namely schools, anganwadis, public health centres, haat/bazaars/religious places in these villages will be visited for survey.
  • Around 1,74,750 Households will be interviewed for their feedback on SBM related issues.
  • Also, citizens will be mobilised to provide feedback on sanitation related issues online using an application developed for the purpose.

 

Background:

Commissioned by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

  • SSG is not just a ranking exercise but has been a vehicle for creating a Janandolan (people’s movement).
  • A detailed protocol has been developed to guide the ranking of Districts based on their performance on key quality and quantitative parameters.

The weights to different elements of the SSG 2021 are as below:

  • Direct Observation of sanitation at public places -30%
  • Citizen’s Feedback, including feedback from common citizens, key influencers at the village level and from citizens online using a mobile App -35%
  • Service Level Progress on sanitation related parameters -35%

current affairs

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that the Swachh Bharat Mission is being executed by two different ministries? Which are those? Reference: read this.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is Swachh Survekshan? When was the first survey conducted?
  2. Top performers in the latest survey.
  3. About Swachh Basharat Abhiyaan.
  4. About Quality Council of India.

Mains Link:

Write a note on swachh bharat Mission.

Sources: PIB.

National Institute Ranking Framework:

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Issues related to education.

 

Context:

The Education Ministry recently launched the sixth edition of the NIRF.

current affairs

 

Highlights of the sixth edition:

  1. IIT-Madras, IISc-Bangalore, and IIT-Bombay have emerged as the country’s top three higher education institutions.
  2. Under the best college category, Miranda House has again topped the list this year.
  3. In the university category, IISc Bengaluru was the best-ranked varsity.

 

What is NIRF?

  • It is the first-ever effort by the government to rank higher education institutions (HEIs) in the country.
  • Launched in 2015.
  • Participation in the NIRF was voluntary in the initial years; it was made compulsory for all government-run educational institutions in 2018.
  • This year, roughly 6,000 institutions have participated in NIRF — about twice the number in 2016.

 

How are they ranked?

  1. In order to be ranked, all education institutions are assessed on five parameters: teaching, learning and resources, research and professional practices, graduation outcomes, outreach and inclusivity, and perception.
  2. NIRF lists out best institutions across 11 categories – overall national ranking, universities, engineering, college, medical, management, pharmacy, law, architecture, dental and research.

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that the idea of NIRF has its roots in the global rankings? The union government and government-run HEIs were quite upset about their standing in QS World University Rankings and the Times Higher Education World University Ranking. Know more about these reports here and here.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is NIRF?
  2. Parameters used for ranking.
  3. Top institutions in various categories.
  4. Performance of various institutions this year vs last year.
  5. What is Institutions of eminence scheme?
  6. Institutions in Top 200 list of QS World University Rankings.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of Institutions of Eminence scheme.

Sources: Indian Express.

PLI scheme for textiles:

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Context:

The Union Cabinet has approved a Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for the textiles sector worth Rs 10,683 crore.

  • This is part of a larger PLI scheme for 13 sectors, with a total budgetary outlay of 1.97 lakh crore.

 

What is the PLI scheme?

As the name suggests, PLI is a way to reward increased production in a specified sector, and has ramifications for economic growth and job creation.

  • The production-linked incentive for textiles is aimed at expanding MMFs and technical textiles’ value chain. The objective of the scheme is to help India gain a dominant status in the global textile trade.

 

Which segments will the new PLI scheme promote?

The PLI scheme for textiles aims to promote the production of high value Man-Made Fibre (MMF) fabrics, garments and technical textiles.

 

Eligible producers:

  1. Any person or company willing to invest a minimum of Rs 300 crore in plant, machinery, equipment and civil works (excluding land and administrative building cost) to produce products of MMF fabrics, garments and products of technical textiles will be eligible to participate in the first part of the scheme.
  2. Investors willing to spend a minimum of Rs 100 crore under the same conditions shall be eligible to apply in the second part of the scheme.

 

Provisions of the PLI scheme:

  1. Under PLI, the Centre will subsidise eligible manufacturers by paying incentives on incremental production.
  2. Companies investing over Rs 300 crore in plant, machinery, equipment and civil works to produce the identified products will get an incentive of 15 percent of their turnover, which needs to be Rs 600 crore in the third year.
  3. The companies investing between Rs 100 crore and Rs 300 crore will also be eligible to receive duty refunds and incentives (lower than 15 percent of their turnover).
  4. The government expects to achieve “fresh investment of over Rs 19,000 crore and a cumulative turnover of more than Rs 3 lakh crore”.

 

Benefits:

The PLI scheme will provide an immense boost to domestic manufacturing, and prepare the industry for making a big impact in global markets in sync with the spirit of Atmanirbhar Bharat. It will also help attract more investment into this sector.

 

Significance of the scheme:

Two-thirds of international trade in textiles is of man-made and technical textiles. This scheme has been approved so India can also contribute to the ecosystem of fabrics and garments made of MMF.

current affairs

Sources: Indian Express.

Recruitment of Indian citizens to work in the Portuguese Republic

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

 

Context:

The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of an agreement on the recruitment of Indian citizens to work in the Portuguese Republic between the Government of India and Portugal.

  • The present agreement would set an institutional mechanism for partnership and cooperation between India and Portugal on sending and accepting Indian workers.

Implementation Strategy:

Under this agreement, a Joint Committee will be set up to follow up the implementation of the same.

Impact:

  • Signing this agreement with Portugal will add a new destination for Indian migrant workers in an EU member nation, especially in the context of many Indian workers who have returned to India following the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • It will provide new opportunities for skilled Indian workers and professionals.
  • With the conclusion of this agreement, Portugal and India will have a formal arrangement for recruitment of Indian workers.

Benefits:

  • Indian workers would have enhanced job opportunities to work in Portugal.
  • The Government-to-Government mechanism proposed in the agreement will ensure that the movement of workers happens smoothly with the maximum support from both sides.

Historical background of India-Portugal Relations:

India’s relations with Portugal remain close and friendly.

  • Relations began amicably in 1947 after India’s independence and diplomatic relations were established in 1949.
  • Bilateral relations, however, went into decline after 1950 over Portugal’s refusal to surrender its enclaves of Goa, Daman Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli on India’s west coast.
  • By 1955, the two nations had cut off diplomatic relations which were followed by Indian military forces liberating Goa in 1961 through Operation Vijay, ending over 450 years of Portuguese rule in India.
  • In 1974, India and Portugal signed a treaty recognising India’s sovereignty over Goa, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and related matters.
  • With the signing of this treaty in New Delhi on December 31, 1974, diplomatic relations were re-established and an era of friendly bilateral relations began.

Relation After 1974:

Portugal and India cooperate actively in multilateral fora including support for each other’s candidatures.

  • Portugal is supporting India’s bid for a permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council.
  • In October 2005, Portugal extradited Abu Salem and Monica Bedi to India facing terror charges in India.
  • On October 9, 2015, Portugal became the first European and western country, and only the fourth outside the East Asia Summit, to sign a Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of the Nalanda University in India.

 

Insta Curious:

Do you know about Marakkars who fought against Portuguese invaders? Reference: read this.

Sources: PIB.

13th BRICS Summit:

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

 

The 13th BRICS Summit is going to be held under India’s Chairship in 2021. It will be the third time that India will be hosting the BRICS Summit after 2012 and 2016.

  • The Indian Chairship of BRICS this year coincides with the fifteenth anniversary of BRICS, as reflected in the theme for the Summit.
  • The theme for the Summit: ‘BRICS@15: Intra-BRICS cooperation for continuity, consolidation and consensus.’

Priority areas under the Indian BRICS Chairship:

India had outlined four priority areas for its Chairship. These are Reform of the:

  1. Multilateral System.
  2. Counter Terrorism.
  3. Using Digital and Technological Tools for achieving SDGs.
  4. Enhancing People to People exchanges.

 

Background:

The BRICS summit is taking place at a time two of the Bloc’s members, India and China, are locked in a bitter border standoff in eastern Ladakh for over six months.

  • The BRICS is known as an influential Bloc that represents over 3.6 billion people, or half of the world’s population.
  • Such summits are significant for India as the BRICS countries have a combined GDP of USD 16.6 trillion.

 

What is BRICS?

BRICS is the group composed of the five major emerging countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

  • It together represents about 42% of the population, 23% of GDP, 30% of the territory and 18% of the global trade.
  • The acronym BRIC was coined by economist ‘Jim O’Neill’ of Goldman Sachs in 2001 to indicate the emerging powers that would be, alongside the United States, the five largest economies of the world in the 21st century.
  • In 2006, BRIC countries started their dialogue, which since 2009 takes place at annual meetings of heads of state and government.
  • In 2011, with South Africa joining the group, the BRICS reached its final composition, incorporating a country from the African continent.

 

Insta Curious:

Have you heard about PARIS21 grouping? Reference: read this.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About BRICS.
  2. Summits.
  3. Presidency.
  4. Organisations and groups associated with BRICS.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance and relevance of BRICS for India.

Sources: the Hindu.

Facts for Prelims:

Qeqertaq Avannarleq:

  • It is a tiny, uninhabited and previously unknown island discovered recently off the coast of Greenland.
  • Measuring 60×30 metres and with a peak of three metres above sea level, it has now become the new northernmost piece of land on Earth.
  • Before this, Oodaaq was marked as the Earth’s northernmost terrain.

The discovery comes as a battle is looming among Arctic nations, the US, Russia, Canada, Denmark and Norway for the control of the North Pole and of the surrounding seabed, fishing rights and shipping routes exposed by melting ice due to climate change.

current affairs

 

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharata Abhiyan (PMGDISHA):

  • PMGDISHA campaign for 100 percent digital literacy in Digital Villages launched.
  • Under the campaign, a three day certification drive for rural citizens, especially women and disadvantaged communities, will be conducted for a few days in September 2021.
  • The drive has been launched under the PMGDISHA Scheme, the flagship digital literacy programme of GOI.

 

India’s first Dugong conservation reserve:

  • India’s first Dugong conservation reserve will be built in Tamil Nadu.
  • The reserve will spread over an area of 500 km in Palk Bay on the southeast coast of Tamil Nadu.
  • Dugong is a marine animal that has been enlisted vulnerable to extinction on a global scale by the World Conservation Union (IUCN).
  • It is the State animal of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. This endangered marine species survive on seagrass and other aquatic vegetation found in the area.
  • It is the only herbivorous mammal that is strictly marine and is the only extant species in the family Dugongidae.

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