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What was commercialisation of agriculture? Discuss the impact of commercialisation of agriculture on Indian peasants and Indian markets.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. What was commercialisation of agriculture? Discuss the impact of commercialisation of agriculture on Indian peasants and Indian markets. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter 6 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of commercialisation of agriculture.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining commercialisation of agriculture in the context of colonial India. Mention few crops that were grown.

Body:

First, write about the impact of the commercialisation of agriculture on Indian Peasants – Indebtedness, Impoverishment and Instability in agriculture, oppression leading to resistance etc.

Next, write about the impact of commercialisation of agriculture on markets – shortage of grains, planters’ profits, changing patterns of land ownership, import of raw materials etc.

Conclusion:

Summarise the impact of commercialisation of agriculture as a potent tool of economic exploitation of Indian peasants.