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There exists an opportunity for India to be an advocate of reforms and a proponent of international law during its stint as the non-permanent member of United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Examine.

Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4. There exists an opportunity for India to be an advocate of reforms and a proponent of international law during its stint as the non-permanent member of United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

India has just concluded its presidency of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for August.

Key Demand of the question: To write

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about India’s recent presidency of the UNSC for the month of August.

Body:

First, mention the key resolutions and activities that were undertaken during India’s presidency with a special emphasis on Afghanistan.

Next, talk about how India can advocate for reforms in the coming months with respect to archaic membership structure of the UNSC, expansion of the UNSC’s permanent membership, structural inequality in the security grouping etc.

Next, talk about India as proponent of international law with respect to Afghan crisis, Israel-Palestine issue and efforts to maintain the rules based international order.

Conclusion:

Summarise that it is an opportunity for India to display leadership skills, establish itself is a responsible stakeholder, and indicate its commitment to global governance.