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Millets have enormous potential to form a core component in climate smart agriculture whilst offering nutritional and food security benefits. Elaborate.

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country

5. Millets have enormous potential to form a core component in climate smart agriculture whilst offering nutritional and food security benefits. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring 2023 the International Year of Millets, as proposed by India to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about plethora of benefits offered by Millet production with respect to tackling climate change and food security.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning giving context that the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring 2023 as the International Year of Millets.

Body:

Mention about the low demand of water and soil fertility needs to cultivate millets and millets as a nutritional package with whole lot of vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids etc. Also mention that millets also offer a significant cost advantage over maize as a feedstock for bio-ethanol production. Bring in the aspect of food security and ecological benefits.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying millets are the way forward in the food consumption area as it addresses the twin challenge of both nutritional security as well as climate change.