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In the parliament, debates, discussions and deliberations on important issues facing the country, are the cornerstone of parliamentary democracy. In the light of the statement, evaluate the legislative process in India and suggest steps to make it more robust.

Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these

4. In the parliament, debates, discussions and deliberations on important issues facing the country, are the cornerstone of parliamentary democracy. In the light of the statement, evaluate the legislative process in India and suggest steps to make it more robust. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The deterioration in the quality of deliberation in Parliament over time has prompted calls for reform from different stakeholders. On Independence Day, Chief Justice of India (CJI) N.V. Ramana also highlighted this problem.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the importance of parliamentary debates and discussion to our democracy.

Body:

Further elaborate how these debates and deliberations are enriching for our democracy. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Next, evaluate the legislative process with respect of debates and discussions. Mention hasty passage of bills, frequent litigations, lack of expertise, bypassing Rajya Sabha, lack of referral to parliamentary committees etc.

Mention the measures that are needed to remedy this situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.