Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
2. What are the legacies of Indian National Movement? Analyse the weaknesses and limitations of the legacies of the nationalist movement in India. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Chapter 38 – India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the various legacies derived from out national movement and their limitations.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving a summation of Indian National movement, its various phases and diverse involvements.
Mention about various legacies of national movement such as formation of Indian nation, mass participation in Indian politics, promotion of civil liberties, modern science etc.
Also analyse the limitation/weakness of the legacies such as lack of a strong political cadre and some centrifugal forces among the masses that led to the partition of the country. Highlight some of its weaknesses as well in the backdrop of partition.
Conclude by mentioning that among the various diverse factors in the society, the Indian National movement evolved on the foundation of non-violent principles and keeping civil liberties as its core principle leading to the establishment of one of the greatest constitutions in the world.