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Hydrogen Fuel can be a game changer in ensuring energy security as well as our battle against climate change. Discuss the steps taken by India with respect to adoption of hydrogen fuel technology.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. Hydrogen Fuel can be a game changer in ensuring energy security as well as our battle against climate change. Discuss the steps taken by India with respect to adoption of hydrogen fuel technology. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

India is increasingly looking towards hydrogen as an alternative source of fuel to reduce its carbon footprint and meet its growing energy needs.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential of Hydrogen as an eco-friendly fuel and steps India has taken in this regard.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Mention the properties of Hydrogen that makes it a favourable alternative to present day fossil fuels.

Body:

Distinguish between Brown, Blue and Green Hydrogen. Mention how the Hydrogen fuel can secure India’s energy security as well as help cut down carbon footprint.

Next mention the steps to promote hydrogen use instead of fossil fuels such as the National Hydrogen Mission being launched to promote Green Hydrogen and the pilot mode of blending hydrogen with CNG for buses in Delhi, various public and private sector intiative etc.

Mention that India has a number of obstacles to overcome in terms of technology, storage, transportation, new materials research, safety standards etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to maximise the benefits of the hydrogen fuel technology.