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Explain the spread of the civil disobedience movement in terms of popular response and regional patterns across India.

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. Explain the spread of the civil disobedience movement in terms of popular response and regional patterns across India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter-22: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 as mentioned in Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the spread of the civil disobedience movement in India along with its regional patterns.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin your answer by giving context of Civil disobedience movement (CDM) and its beginnings.

Body:

Draw a small map showing various regional manifestations of the CDM.

Mention about the various leaders across India such as Kelappan, C Rajagopalachari and others leading each of the regional areas across India.

Mention Civil disobedience movement against Chowkidari tax, the people of Balasore boycotting all forms of tax, defying the forest laws etc and the areas in which it was active.

Also new forms of boycott such as formation of volunteer corps, involving children and women, secretly spreading the messages of Congress in rural areas for demand of swarajya through underground channels may be highlighted to show emergence of new patterns of activism against the British Raj.

Conclusion:

Comment on the impact of the movement.