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‘SUJALAM’ Campaign:

GS Paper 3

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

 

Context:

The Ministry of Jal Shakti has begun (From 25th August) ‘SUJALAM’, a ‘100 days campaign’ as part of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’.

 

About the campaign:

  • The objective is to create more and more ODF Plus villages by undertaking waste water management at village level.
  • This is done particularly through creation of 1 million Soak-pits and also other Grey water management activities.

 

The key activities that will be organised in the villages under this campaign include:

  1. Organizing Community consultations, Khuli Baithaks and Gram Sabha meetings to analyze the current situation.
  2. Pass resolution to maintain ODF sustainability and achieve needed number of soak pits to manage the grey water.
  3. Develop a 100 days’ plan to undertake sustainability and soak pit construction related activities.
  4. Construct requisite number of soak pits.
  5. Retrofit toilets where needed through IEC and community mobilization.
  6. Ensure all newly emerging Households in the village have access to toilets.

 

Significance:

  • The campaign will not only build desired infrastructure i.e. soak pit for management of greywater in villages but will also aid in sustainable management of waterbodies.
  • The campaign would boost the momentum of Swacch Bharat Mission- Grameen phase II activities through community participation.

 

Need for:

The disposal of waste water and clogging of waterbodies in the villages or on the outskirts of the villages remain one of the major problems. The Campaign would help in management of the wastewater and in turn would help to revive the waterbodies.

 

What is ODF tag?

The original ODF protocol, issued in March 2016, said, “A city/ward is notified as ODF city/ward if, at any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating in the open.”

 

What is ODF+, ODF++?

ODF+ and ODF++ were launched in August 2018 to further scale up and sustain the work undertaken by the cities after achieving the ODF status under Phase I of the Swachh Bharat Mission — Urban (SBM-Urban).

Eligibility: Cities that had been certified ODF at least once, on the basis of the ODF protocols, are eligible to declare themselves as SBM-ODF+ & SBM-ODF++.

 

What is ODF+?

A city, ward or work circle could be declared ODF+ if, “at any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open, and all community and public toilets are functional and well-maintained.”

 

What is ODF++?

The ODF++ protocol adds the condition that “faecal sludge/septage and sewage is safely managed and treated, with no discharging and/or dumping of untreated faecal sludge/septage and sewage in drains, water bodies or open areas.”

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. ODF+ vs ODF++- criteria.
  2. Phase 1 vs Phase 2 of SBM.
  3. SBM Urban and Rural, implementing ministries.
  4. Nirmal Bharat Abhiyaan vs SBM.

Mains Link:

“Swachh Bharat Mission campaign has become the global benchmark for participatory and transformative development.” Elucidate.

Sources: the Hindu.