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In the constructive programme, Gandhi envisioned an India based on the maxims of truth and non-violence which could lead to the establishment of social order. Evaluate is successes and limitations. Is it relevant in the twenty first century? (250 words)

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. In the constructive programme, Gandhi envisioned an India based on the maxims of truth and non-violence which could lead to the establishment of social order. Evaluate is successes and limitations. Is it relevant in the twenty first century? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Reference: Chapter-17 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 as mentioned in Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about constructive programme, its successes and limitations and relevance in the present day.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin your answer about the core ideals of Truth and Non-violence followed by Gandhi and then mention how he tried to extrapolate these ideals with respect to constructive programmes he undertook in the passive phase.

Body:

Mention the components of Gandhi’s vision of a non-violent social order, elements of Constructive programme involving self-reliance of villages etc, Communal Unity, Removal of Untouchability, Khadi etc.

Further mention its success in terms of universal appeal of high moral objective and resulting increased mass following and participation in his political works and limitations such as many failed to connect with his idea that the political struggle and the constructive work must go in parallel etc.

Conclusion:

Mention the relevance of Gandhi’s idea even in the twenty first century as we are still grappling with issues such as Untouchability, underdevelopment of rural areas, sanitation, upliftment of women etc.