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Discuss the nature of the Khilafat movement and bring out its role in formation of the Non-cooperation movement.

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Discuss the nature of the Khilafat movement and bring out its role in formation of the Non-cooperation movement. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter-16 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers), Chapter 15 – India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 as mentioned in Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the nature of the Khilafat movement and how its carved out the space for the emergence of Non-cooperation movement.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give the context for the launch of Khilafat movement

Body:

Describe the features of Khilafat movement such as its pan-Islamic nature across the world, as well as it trying to align its goals towards Indian Nationalism, rise of two streams of education among Indian Muslims, rise of political organisations such as All-India Khilafat Committee and the Jamiat al-Ulama-e-Hind, important leaders  and the rising anti- British sentiments.

Mention the role of Gandhi in Khilafat movement, that through Gandhi’s interlinking of the demands of the Khilafat leaders and leaders of INC and the disappointment of the Khilafat leaders  with the Peace treaty of 1920,and various grievances of Congress, Sins of Jallianwala Bagh led to the rise of the Non-cooperation movement.

Conclusion:

Write about how the movement functioned jointly and its achievements.