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India battled the pandemic with the best of its efforts and beyond. However, this also meant that its focus and resources were taken off non communicable diseases (NCD), which also have a high mortality rate. In the light of this statement, analyse how India can deal with the disruption to its NCD services.

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. India battled the pandemic with the best of its efforts and beyond. However, this also meant that its focus and resources were taken off non communicable diseases (NCD), which also have a high mortality rate. In the light of this statement, analyse how India can deal with the disruption to its NCD services. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The rapid spread of COVID-19 has severely tested primary healthcare systems, which perform myriad functions. Maternal healthcare services, immunisation, health surveillance, and the screening and management of NCDs have all been severely disrupted. A WHO survey conducted in May 2020 among 155 countries found that low-income countries were the most affected by this disruption.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how India can cope up to the disruptions in NCD services due the covid-19 pandemic.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the disruption caused by the pandemic on the health care functions and fight against various other diseases including the NCD’s.

Body:

Mention about NCD’s, the burden of NCD’s and the reasons as to why they also need to addressed along with the pandemic. Cite facts mentioned in the article to substantiate your points. (Tip: Make a note of facts/figures/data you use in your answers in a separate book/sheet to collect it and use it in your answers and essays in the future)

Write the measures that are needed in this hour to tackle both NCD’s as well as the pandemic. Mention the steps that are needed in the long run as well after the normalcy is restored but burden of NCD’s will continue in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.