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How are biofuels classified? Biofuels are a benevolent option that not only solves the energy security issue but also brings with it several possibilities for positive transformation. India must ensure it is not left behind in reaping its benefits. Comment.

Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4. How are biofuels classified? Biofuels are a benevolent option that not only solves the energy security issue but also brings with it several possibilities for positive transformation. India must ensure it is not left behind in reaping its benefits. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced on the country’s 75th Independence Day a new goal aimed at transforming India into an ‘energy-independent’ nation by 2047. Biofuels will play an important part in that.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief on Biofuels and its classification into various generations.

Body:

Highlight the energy security issues in India and globally and the importance of biofuels through facts/figures. (Tip: Make a note of facts/figures/data you use in your answers in a separate book/sheet to collect it and use it in your answers and essays in the future)

Next, Mention about the need of clean energy in the context of Climate change. Further, bring in the dimension of energy security being a decisive factor in geopolitics, self-sufficiency in energy, role in robust rural economy which in turn will help in overall economic development.

Write about India’s policy on Biofuels and further steps it should take to reap its benefits.

Conclusion:

Mention the way forward for any nation in the backdrop of limited fossil fuel is to diversify and hence India should have an effective strategy for biofuels.