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Extremism in the Indian National scene did not spring up suddenly in the first decade of the twentieth century. In fact, it had been growing slowly but invisibly since the Revolt of 1857 itself. Discuss.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. Extremism in the Indian National scene did not spring up suddenly in the first decade of the twentieth century. In fact, it had been growing slowly but invisibly since the Revolt of 1857 itself. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Chapter 12 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)

Why the question: 

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 as mentioned in Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a detail on what is the ideology of extremism and to analyse it in the Indian National scene.

Body:

Start by highlighting that the Extremists did not rise post the Moderates phase, but the flavour of extremist ideas were present even during the 1857 revolt.

Mention the approach of the various social reformers to bring the masses to connect with their own culture, religion and polity instead of adoring everything western.

 Mention the centres of rise of Extremist ideologies- Maharashtra, Bengal & Punjab and important leaders thereof and how certain social reformers like Aurobindo who equated the nation to that of mother, Vivekananda’s ideas being placed in the western world & Bankim Chandra’s critique of the moderates has set the ideological ground for the later Extremists to build upon.

Conclusion:

Mention that although activities wise, the Extremists followed up after the moderates, ideologically, the ground was being prepared right since the 1857 reforms.