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With traditional mitigation strategies not yielding desired results to tackle climate change, radical strategies such as geo-engineering must be given a serious thought. Critically Analyse.

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. With traditional mitigation strategies not yielding desired results to tackle climate change, radical strategies such as geo-engineering must be given a serious thought. Critically Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Live Mint , Chapter 21: Environment by Shankar IAS (6th Edition)

Why the question:

Intergovernmental panel’s latest report on the crisis served us a warning on how badly off target we are to keep our planet from going past its danger mark. This has given currency to explore radical measures.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse if Geo-engineering could be a viable option to overcome the climate crisis.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by defining geo-engineering.

Body:

You can use a bubble diagram to show the various modes of geo-engineering such as Shoot Mirrors into Space (Solar Sunscreen), Copy a Volcano, Build Fake Trees etc.

In the first part of the body, write about how the above strategies work and will be beneficial for the planet above and over existing mitigation strategies to tide over the climate crisis. Clearly outline as to why it may be needed.

In the next part, mention about the major drawbacks, impediments and concerns regarding the implementation of the above strategies

Conclusion:

End your answer that existing strategies should be implemented on a war footing, but alternative ideas must also be considered, planned and studied about just in case of a climate emergency.