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As India enters its 75th year of independence, it faces challenges to manage development, regional security, a balance of power, and the shaping of international consensus to be more amenable to Indian interests. Comment.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.  

3. As India enters its 75th year of independence, it faces challenges to manage development, regional security, a balance of power, and the shaping of international consensus to be more amenable to Indian interests. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough.

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Ever since Independence, India’s fate has been closely tied to the rest of the world. But a constantly evolving international environment presented India not just with opportunities but numerous challenges. This article captures the same in the past 75 years.

Key Demand of the question:

To trace India’s development and power dynamics – the opportunities and challenges – with respect to its neighbours as well as global powers.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context as to how India’s global aspirations have evolved over the years.

Body:

In the first part, in brief, trace the historical developments India’s global dynamics since independence.

Next, write about how development, regional security, a balance of power, and the shaping of international consensus have been our cornerstones of foreign policy over the years. Substantiate with examples from the past and present.

In the final part, address the challenges it faces such as the ravages of COVID-19 and growing international competition etc also underscore the difficulties that India is facing currently.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.