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Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC):

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: e-governance related issues.


Context: The Union Minister of Commerce & Industry chaired a meeting for the review of the Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC) initiative of Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).


What is ONDC?

Open Network for Digital Commerce christened ONDC is globally first-of-its-kind initiative that aims to democratise Digital Commerce, moving it from a platform-centric model to an open-network.

  • As UPI is to the digital payment domain, ONDC is to e-commerce in India.
  • ONDC will enable, buyers and sellers to be digitally visible and transact through an open network, no matter what platform/application they use.
  • ONDC will empower merchants and consumers by breaking silos to form a single network to drive innovation and scale, transforming all businesses from retail goods, food to mobility.


Aims and objectives:

  1. ONDC aims at promoting open networks developed on open-sourced methodology, using open specifications and open network protocols independent of any specific platform.
  2. ONDC is expected to digitize the entire value chain, standardize operations, promote inclusion of suppliers, derive efficiencies in logistics and enhance value for consumers.


Insta Curious:

The BHIM apps has three levels of authentication. What are those? Reference: 



Prelims Link:

  1. What is UPI?
  2. What is ONDC?
  3. Key features.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of ONDC.

Sources: PIB.