Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
5. What do you understand by food fortification? Discuss the various types of it while discussing the challenges and benefits associated. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
In a pushback against the Centre’s plan to mandatorily fortify rice and edible oils with vitamins and minerals, a group of scientists and activists have written to the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), warning of the adverse impacts on health and livelihoods. Thus the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the concept of food fortification and explain the various types of it while discussing the challenges and benefits associated.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with what do you understand by food fortification.
Food fortification is defined as the practice of adding vitamins and minerals to commonly consumed foods during processing to increase their nutritional value.
It is a proven, safe and cost-effective strategy for improving diets and for the prevention and control of micronutrient deficiencies.
Discuss the types of food fortification, advantages offered by it and the issues associated.