Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1. “A shrinking population is a bigger worry than a heavy welfare burden”, in this context discuss the challenges associated with a shrinking population with suitable examples. (250 words)
Reference: Live Mint
Why the question:
The article explains the challenges associated with a shrinking population.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain in detail with suitable illustrations as to why a shrinking population is a bigger worry than a heavy welfare burden.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with recent trends in the population size and the shrinkage.
Such answers are best explained with examples; The US population was shrinking. From the fertility rate of 3.2 in 1956, the fertility rate reached 1.6 in 2020. But the shrinking population has many challenges associated with it. For instance, the domestic business investment in the US also followed this decreasing trend.
Then explain the challenges with the shrinking population such as – the problem of aging, impact on the economy etc.
Present the case of Japan, US and India.
Conclude with impact of it and suggest what needs to be done.