Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
1. Explain the rationale behind the recent Juvenile Justice(Amendment) Bill 2021 and account for its key features. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
The article explains in detail the amended provisions for adoption, offences in the new Juvenile Justice Bill.
Key Demand of the question:
One is expected to explain the rationale behind the recent Juvenile Justice(Amendment) Bill 2021 and account for its key features.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with what the Juvenile Justice (Amendment) Bill 2021 is about.
The Act was introduced and passed in Parliament in 2015 to replace the Juvenile Delinquency Law and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children Act) 2000.
One of the main provisions of the new Act is allowing the trial of juveniles in conflict with law in the age group of 16-18 years as adults, in cases where the crimes were to be determined.
The nature of the crime, and whether the juvenile should be tried as a minor or a child, was to be determined by a Juvenile Justice Board.
The second major provision is with regards to adoption, bringing a more universally acceptable adoption law instead of the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act (1956) and Guardians of the Ward Act (1890) which was for Muslims, although the Act did not replace these laws.
Discuss other essential key features.
Conclude with importance.