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Assam, Mizoram border dispute

Topics Covered: Internal security related issues.

Assam, Mizoram border dispute:


The Chief Ministers of Assam and Mizoram have sought to ease tensions along the border.


Recent incidents/developments: 

The police forces of both States exchanged fires on July 26. This left six Assam policemen and a civilian dead and 60 others injured.

  • Assam claimed the firing was one-sided and unprovoked, while Mizoram said they retaliated to the aggression by the Assam police.


Origins of the dispute:

The two States share a 164.6-km volatile border and the conflict is decades-old.

At the center of the dispute are two notifications- 1875 and 1993:

  • Mizoram claims that the land is theirs is based on an 1875 notification, which came from the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act of 1873.
  • Assam claims that the land is theirs based on a 1933 notification that demarcated the Lushai Hills, which Mizoram was formerly known as, from the province of Manipur.


Impacts of such incidents:

Since the July 26 incident, locals in Assam have blocked the National Highway-306 besides uprooting a stretch of the lone railway track connecting Mizoram. Transportation of people and goods to and from Mizoram has thus been affected.


What needs to be done?

  • The Supreme Court should be approached for an amicable solution.
  • CRPF forces should patrol and monitor the region under the direct supervision of the Union government should be increased.
  • Avoid posting sensitive messages and make judicious use of social media platform” to prevent any possible escalation of the situation.


Insta Curious:

Did you know that besides Assam and Mizoram, there are seven such conflicts that the home ministry says are ongoing? Here is a brief overview, 



Prelims Link:

  1. Border between Assam and Mizoram.
  2. Reasons for the Border dispute.
  3. North East states that have international borders.
  4. NH 306- location.
  5. Overview of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act of 1873.

Mains Link:

Suggest measures to end the Assam- Mizoram border dispute.

Sources: the Hindu.